This book offers a comparative lens on the contested relationship between two leading conflict resolution norms: ethnopolitical power-sharing pacts and the women, peace and security (WPS) agenda.
Championed by national governments and international organizations over the last two decades, power-sharing and feminist scholars and practitioners tend to view them as opposing norms. Critics charge that power-sharing scholars cast gender as an inconsequential political identity that does not motivate people like ethnonationalism. From a feminist perspective, such thinking serves the interests of ethnicized elites while excluding women and other marginalized communities from key sites of political power. This edited volume takes a different tack: while recognizing the gender gaps that still exist in power-sharing theory and practice, contributors also emphasize the constructive engagements that can be built between ethnopolitical power-sharing and gender inclusion.
Three main themes are highlighted:
- The ‘gender silences’ of existing power-sharing arrangements
- The impact of gender activism and advocacy on the negotiation and implementation of power-sharing pacts in divided societies
- The opportunities for linkages between power-sharing and the women, peace and security agenda.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the journal Nationalism and Ethnic Politics.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Is Power-Sharing Bad for Women?
Siobhan Byrne and Allison McCulloch
1. Power-Sharing, Conflict Resolution, and Women: A Global Reappraisal
2. Navigating Consociationalism's Afterlives: Women, Peace and Security in Post-Dayton Bosnia-Herzegovina
3. The Impact of Women's Activism on the Peace Negotiations in Cyprus
Olga Demetriou and Maria Hadjipavlou
4. Female Party Attachment in a Power-Sharing Polity: The Erosion of Protestant Support in Northern Ireland
Bernadette C. Hayes and Joanne McEvoy
5. Between Co-Option and Radical Opposition: A Comparative Analysis of Power-Sharing on Gender Equality and LGBTQ rights in Northern Ireland and Lebanon
John Nagle and Tamirace Fakhoury
6. Allies or Opponents? Power-Sharing, Civil Society, and Gender
Claire Pierson and Jennifer Thomson
7. The Feminist Institutional Dimensions of Power-Sharing and Political Settlements
Fionnuala Ní Aoláin
Siobhan Byrne is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Certificate in Peace and Post-Conflict Studies at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Her teaching and research focus on post-conflict transitions to peace, feminist anti-war activism and feminist interventions in International Relations.
Allison McCulloch is Associate Professor of Political Science at Brandon University, Manitoba, Canada. Her research considers the design of power-sharing arrangements, their incentives for moderation and extremism and whether they can be made more inclusive of identities beyond the ethno-national divide.