Power and Subversion in Byzantium
Papers from the 43rd Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, Birmingham, March 2010
This volume addresses a theme of special significance for Byzantine studies. Byzantium has traditionally been deemed a civilisation which deferred to authority and set special store by orthodoxy, canon and proper order. Since 1982 when the distinguished Russian Byzantinist Alexander Kazhdan wrote that 'the history of Byzantine intellectual opposition has yet to be written', scholars have increasingly highlighted cases of subversion of 'correct practice' and 'correct belief' in Byzantium. This innovative scholarly effort has produced important results, although it has been hampered by the lack of dialogue across the disciplines of Byzantine studies. The 43rd Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies in 2010 drew together historians, art historians, and scholars of literature, religion and philosophy, who discussed shared and discipline-specific approaches to the theme of subversion. The present volume presents a selection of the papers delivered at the symposium enriched with specially commissioned contributions. Most papers deal with the period after the eleventh century, although early Byzantium is not ignored. Theoretical questions about the nature, articulation and limits of subversion are addressed within the frameworks of individual disciplines and in a larger context. The volume comes at a timely junction in the development of Byzantine studies, as interest in subversion and nonconformity in general has been rising steadily in the field.
Table of Contents
Contents: Power and subversion in Byzantium: approaches and frameworks, Dimiter Angelov; Part I The Politics of Subversion: Usurpers and rebels in Byzantium: image and message through coins, Vasiliki Penna and Cécile Morrisson; How to usurp the throne in Byzantium: the role of public opinion in sedition and rebellion, Anthony Kaldellis; The imperial council and the tradition of consultative decision-making in Byzantium (11th to 14th centuries), Demetrios Kyritses; Financial crisis and the limits of taxation under Andronikos II Palaiologos (1282-1321), Kostis Smyrlis; The political arts at the late Palaiologan court (1402-1453), Michael Angold. Part II Art and Subversion: ’The world turned upside down’: art and subversion in Byzantium, Liz James; ’It began with a picture’: imperial art, texts and subversion between East and West in the 12th century, Anthony Eastmond. Part III Philosophy: 'No prince of perfection': Byzantine anti-Aristotelianism from the patristic period to Pletho, BÃ¶rje Bydén; Pletho as subversive and his reception in the Islamic world, Maria Mavroudi. Part VI Literature and Subversion: Generic subversion? The political ideology of urban myth and apocalyptic prophecy, Paul Magdalino; Harmless satire, stinging critique: notes and suggestions for reading the Timarion, Dimitris Krallis; How to criticize the laudandus, Margaret Mullett; Subversion and duplicity in the Histories of John Kantakouzenos, Athanasios Angelou; Afterword - literary subversion in Byzantium: a partial and personal perspective, Margaret Alexiou; Index.
Dimiter Angelov is Professor of Byzantine History at the University of Birmingham, UK and currently also Visiting Professor in Byzantine History at Harvard University, USA; Michael Saxby is a doctoral candidate at the University of Birmingham, UK.