Crime scene reconstruction (CSR) is today’s hot topic. The immense proliferation of television, print, and electronic media directed at this area has generated significant public interest, albeit occasionally encouraging inaccurate perceptions. Practical Crime Scene Analysis and Reconstruction bridges the gap between perception and reality, helping readers understand the nature of the scientific method and teaching the proper application of its components.
A proven methodology
The book begins by recounting the history of crime scene analysis and exploring fundamental principles. Then the authors introduce their proven methodology, known as Event Analysis. This technique defines specific actions, discusses the order of those actions, and offers significant insight into determining what did or did not happen in the course of the incident under investigation. Using case studies and more than 200 color photos, the book demonstrates this method and how it can be used to explain clues that would otherwise be puzzling or ambiguous.
Practical advice from the crime scene to the courtroom
The authors show how to resolve significant questions that arise in the course of CSR through the use of an event analysis worksheet. The book also discusses crime scene protocol, bloodstain pattern analysis, gunshot investigation, and forensic pathology and the human body. The final chapters provide instruction on writing crime scene reports, discuss ethical issues, and give advice on courtroom presentation.
Includes color photos demonstrating the science of CSR on:
- Timing and sequence
- Bloodstain analysis
- Wound patterns
Table of Contents
An Introduction and History of Crime Scene Analysis
Distinguishing Crime Scene Analysis from Crime Scene Processing
Pioneers in Crime Scene Analysis: A History of the Discipline
Theoretical and Practical Considerations for Implementing Crime Scene Analysis
Who Qualifies as a Crime Scene Analyst?
Fundamental Beliefs for Crime Scene Analysis
When Is Crime Scene Analysis Employed?
Event Analysis: A Practical Methodology for Crime Scene Reconstruction
The Event Analysis Process
Resolving Significant Investigative Questions in CSR
Using the Event Analysis Worksheet
Event Analysis Worksheet Explained
Statement Analysis Using the Worksheets
Understanding Crime Scene Protocols and Their Effect
The Importance of the Crime Scene Investigator
Role of the Initial Responding Officer
Incorporating the Basic Crime Scene Activities into a Crime Scene Protocol
Applying Bloodstain Pattern Analysis to Crime Scene
A Background of Bloodstain Pattern Analysis
Impact Angle and Directionality
Area of Origin Evaluations
Shooting Scene Processing and Reconstruction
Reconstruction Potential Associated with Firearms
Accidental versus Unintentional Discharge
Handling Firearms at a Scene
Recording Impacts and Ricochets
Gunshot Residue Examination
Processing Shooting Scenes
The Forensic Pathologist, the Body, and Crime Scene
Scott A Wagner, MD
Theory and Approach to Death Scene Investigation
The Body and the Death Scene
Writing Crime Scene Reconstruction Reports
Essential Report Elements
Arguments and Ethics
Deductive and Inductive Arguments
The Role of Logic in Crime Scene Analysis
An Ethical Approach to Crime Scene Analysis
Developing and Using Demonstrative Exhibits in Support of the Crime Scene Analysis
Collection of Data
Analysis of Data
Ross M. Gardner is an active instructor and consultant throughout the United States in crime scene analysis, bloodstain pattern analysis, and crime scene investigation; teaching to a variety of groups ranging from police and investigative organizations to trial counsel professional development groups. Tom Bevel is president of Bevel, Gardner and Associates, Inc., a forensic education and consulting company. He is also an associate professor in the Masters of Forensic Science program at the University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond.
Featured Author Profiles
From the Foreword:
"Each author possesses a unique ability to distill complex issues into easily understood concepts. This book presents a clear and precise methodology … serious practitioners cannot afford to abstain from studying the information provided here."
—Thomas W. Adair, President, Association for Crime Scene Reconstruction