Practical Density Measurement and Hydrometry
The introduction of the ISO 9000 quality standard resulted in renewed interest and pressure on industry to strengthen their quality and metrology standards. To meet this renewed interest Practical Density Measurement and Hydrometry provides invaluable, contemporary information on mass metrology. The book highlights the principles of physics involved and the technology needed to accurately measure the density of solids and liquids to high precision to meet the increasing demands on the metrology industry.
Starting with national and international density standards, the book proceeds to discuss the variety of methods used to accurately measure solid and liquid density, to compare and contrast these techniques, and to thoroughly explain the thermal dilation of liquids. It also examines interferometers used in dimensional measurements of solid-based density standards, corrections applicable due to finite aperture, phase change due to reflection and ringing, and special methods for density determination. The final chapters detail specific points of relevance to density measurements and hydrometry for materials commonly used in industry. Complimented with practical guidance on applying these measurement techniques, calibration procedures, and data tables, this book is an essential reference for metrologists and a valuable introduction for graduate students.
Table of Contents
Solid-based density standards. Special interferometers. SMOW and equipment for water density measurement. Dilation of water and tables for water density. Mercury density measurement. Special methods of density determination. Hydrometry. Density of materials used in industry - liquids. Density of materials used in industry - liquids. Appendix 1 - Glossary of terms. Appendix 2 - List of symbols. References. Index
"Practical Density Measurement and Hydrometry is a comprehensive presentation on density measurements and the relevant theoretical background. For the first time, you can find many important pieces of information in a single publication. Detailed instructions for measurements and preparations make this book useful for all who are performing density measurements. I believe that many kinds of readers can find from this book the information that they need in their work."
-Dr. Martti Heinonen, Centre for Metrology and Accreditation
"The present book covering density measurement and hydrometry is a valuable addition to the metrology literature … The book is well illustrated with a large number of line drawings and photographs. In summary, this is a very comprehensive and well-written book and will be useful for practicing metrologists at all level as well as those working in industry."
-Dr. G.M.S. de Silva, Measurement and Control, Vol. 36/1, February 2003
"The book is clearly written and easy to understand. It contains a lot of evaluations of formulae that for practical measurements are represented in detailed tables. Methods and measurement procedures are described in detail, including also the calculation of uncertainty. Listings of the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods are very helpful. S.V. Gupta has written a book that will be a great help for scientists, students, and practitioners. The book fills a gap since there is no modern book that describes density measurements and hydrometry in such detail."