Pragmatic Perspectives in Phenomenology offers a complex analysis of the pragmatic theses that are present in the works of leading phenomenological authors, including not only Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty, as it is often the case within Hubert Dreyfus’ tradition, but also Husserl, Levinas, Scheler, and Patocka. Starting from a critical reassessment of existing pragmatic readings which draw especially on Heidegger’s account of Being-in-the-world, the volume’s chapters explore the following themes as possible justifications for speaking about the pragmatic turn in phenomenology: the primacy of the practical over theoretical understanding, criticism of the representationalist account of perception and consciousness, and the analysis of language and truth within the context of social and cultural practices. Having thus analyzed the pragmatic readings of key phenomenological concepts, the book situates these readings in a larger historical and thematic context and introduces themes that until now have been overlooked in debates, including freedom, alterity, transcendence, normativity, distance, and self-knowledge. This volume seeks to refresh the debate about the phenomenological legacy and its relevance for contemporary thought by enlarging the thematic scope of pragmatic motives in phenomenology in new and revealing ways. It will be of interest to advanced students and scholars of phenomenology who are interested in moving beyond the analytic-continental divide to explore the relationship between practice and theory.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Localizing the Pragmatic Turn in Phenomenology
Ondřej Švec and Jakub Čapek
Part I: Contemporary Pragmatic Readings of Phenomenology
1. On Layer Cakes: Heidegger’s Normative Pragmatism Revisited
2. Heidegger’s Pragmatist Readers
3. Primordiality and the Pragmata. A Critical Assessment of Rorty’s Challenge to Heideggerian Nostalgia
4. Two Forms of Practical Knowledge in Being and Time
5. Discursive Intentionality as Embodied Coping. A Pragmatist Critique of Existential Phenomenology
Carl B. Sachs
Part II: Pragmatic Readings Challenged by the History of the Phenomenology
6. The Limits of Dreyfus’ View of Husserl: Intentionality, Openness, and praxis
7. On Dreyfus’ Naturalization of Phenomenological Pragmatism: Misleading Dichotomies, and the Counter-Concept of Intentionality
8. Perceptual Faith beyond Practical Involvement: Merleau-Ponty and His Pragmatist Readers
9. Max Scheler and Pragmatism
10. From Circumspection to Insight
Part III: Opening up Perspectives
11. Freedom and The Theoretical Attitude
12. The Primacy of Practice and the Pervasiveness of Discourse
13. Making Sense of Human Existence (Heidegger on the Limits of Practical Familiarity)
14. Exemplary Necessity: Heidegger, Pragmatism, and Reason
Ondřej Švec is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. His publications include a book about phenomenology of emotions and various articles on lifeworld, historical conditions of objectivity, overcoming subjectivism in phenomenology and French historical epistemology.
Jakub Čapek is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. His areas of specialization cover twentieth-century German and French philosophy, especially phenomenology and hermeneutics, philosophy of action, philosophy of perception and questions of personal identity.