What visitor to Mexico City, unaware of its pre-Hispanic history, could imagine that right under a Christian Church may still lie the remains of the sinister tzompantli, the Aztecs' altar of skulls? Professor Jorge Hardoy poses this question and many more in his comprehensive summary of the ancient cities where Latin America's peoples lived before the Spaniards arrived in the sixteenth century.
Because Aztec Tenochtitlan, today Mexico City, and Inca Cuzco represent the culmination of the two most advanced civilizations encountered by the Spainsh conquistadors, the author explores these cities end-to-end. He also studies such older civic memorial centers as Teotichuacan, Tula, Monte Alban, Uxmal, Chichen Itza, Tikal, Palenque, Tiahuanaco, Chan Chan, Pachacamac, Machu Picchu, and lesser know sites, most virtually, if not totally, abandoned centuries before the Conquest. Such inclusive coverage makes for a lively discussion of some fifteen hundred years of urban life as immortalized in the architecture, art, and crafts of long vanished civilizations. There is an extensive bibliography, many photographs, maps, charts and city plans showing urban layouts of temples, which tell much about the life of the inhabitants.
His book shows that while new findings come to light each year, so much buried history lies waiting to be found that archaology will always be an ever unfolding drama.
This book was first published in 1973.
Table of Contents
1. The origins of American civilizations
2. The urban evolution of Teotihuacan
3. Mesoamerican cities after the fall of Teotihuacan
4. The Aztecs
6. The Maya
7. Did the Maya build cities?
8. The first stages of urban evolution in South America
9. Tiahuanaco and the urbanistic period
10. The Chimu Kingdon
11. The Inca
12. The Inca society - Cuzco
13. The Inca city
14. North and south Andean cities in South America
15. General conclusions on pre-Colombian city planning and design