Premchand on Culture and Education is a select collection of Premchand's journalistic articles, essays, and editorials, in English translation, written in journals like Madhuri, Hans and Jagran from 1928 to 1936. Indian society then witnessed an extemely perilous phase with British imperialism, capitalism, and aggressive nationalism distracting indians from the path of honesty, equality, and brotherhood. The present collection of Premchand's non-fiction prose is an amalagamation of his impressions of, and responses to, the upheavals taking place in the politically and socially charged decade of the 1930s of the 20th century. Like a torchbearer, Premchand educated and guided public opinion on a wide range of issues such as education, culture, communalism, language, arts, and the Gurukul system of education, famous universities, broadcasting, and cinema. Nearly all the articles/essays/editorials were written to combat the topical crisis, but the nature of the articles and the solutions provided have a bearing even today. Just as non-fiction is called the genre of the future, this collection of Premchand's non-fiction prose will be conducive for posterity and will facilitate fresh avenues of research on Premchand.
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Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Three Days at Gurukul Kangdi (Gurukul Kangdi Mein Teen Din) 2. Make the Children Independent (Bachchon Ko Swadhin Banao) 3. Mental Slavery (Maansik Paradheenta) 4. Slavery in the National Pursuits (Raashtriya Kaaryon Mein Gulami) 5. The Disease of the English Language (Angrezi Bhasha Ka Rog) 6. Military College’s Organization (Fauji College ki Aayojna) 7. The Ancient and Modern (Navin aur Prachin) 8. Two Convocations of the United Province (Sanyukt Prant ke Do Convocation) 9. Swami Shradhanand and the Indian Education Committee (Swami Shradhanand aur Bhartiya Shiksha Pranali) 10. The Days of Talkies are Numbered (Swaak Filmon ke Din Gine Huye Hain) 11. Awakening 1 (Jagriti 1) 12. Awakening 2 (Jagriti 2) 13. Delhi’s Jamia Millia: A Report (Dehli ke Jamia Millia ki Report) 14. Sir P.C. Rai’s Advice to Youngsters (Sir P.C. Rai ka Yuvakon ko Aadesh) 15. The New Vice-Chancellor of Allahabad University (Allahabad University ke Naye Vice-Chancellor) 16. Health Check Up in Schools (Schoolon Mein Swaasth Pareeksha) 17. Education Convention in Gorakhpur (Gorakhpur Mein Shiksha Sammelan) 18. Editors’ Conference (Sampaadak Sammelan) 19. Promotion of Education in Consolidated Provinces (Sanyukt Praant me Shiksha ka Prachaar) 20. Shantiniketan of the South (Dakshin ka Shantiniketan) 21. The Boys Who Fail (Fail Hone Waale Ladke) 22. The Arrival of the Education Minister in Kashi (Kashi Mein Shiksha Mantri ka Shubhaagman) 23. Lucknow University (Lucknow Vishwavidyala) 24. Red Literature in Hindustan (Bhaarat Mein Laal Sahitya) 25. A New Plan of the Film World (Film Sansaaron Mein ek Nayi Yojna) 26. Broadcasting in the Countryside (Broadcasting Dehaaton Mein) 27. Ramlila in Prayag (Prayag Mein Ramlila) 28. An Appropriate Advice (Ek Uchit Paramarsh) 29. New Ideals of Education (Shiksha ka Naya Aadarsh) 30. Press in India (Bharat Mein Press) 31. The Ramlila of Prayag Shut (Prayag Mein Ramlila Bandh) 32. The Tours of Justice Young (Justice Young key Daure) 33. Annihilation of God in Hindi Literature (Hindi Sahitya ke Ishwar ki Chheechhaledar) 34. Carmichael Library’s Diamond Jubilee (Carmichael Library ki Heerak Jayanti) 35. Cinema and Youth (Cinema aur Yuvak) 36. Convocation Speech of Sir P.C. Rai (Sir P.C. Rai ka Deekshant Bhashan) 37. Speech by Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru (Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru ka Bhashan) 38. Doctor Tagore in Mumbai (Doctor Tagore Mumbai Mein) 39. Sectarianism and Culture (Saampradayikta aur Sanskriti) 40. The Way of the Wind (Hawa ka Rukh) 41. Prohibition on Dance in Germany (Germany Mein Naach par Bandish) 42. Swami Satyadev School (Swami Satyadev Paathshala) 43. The Spirit of Indian Art (Bharatiya Kala ki Aatma) 44. A Sigh of Relief for the Editors (Patrakaaron ke Liye Santosh ki Baat) 45. Riots During Festivals (Tyohaaron Mein Dange) 46. Guru Tradition in India (Bharat Me Guru Pratha) 47. Health and Education (Swaasth aur Shiksha) 48. Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi (Mahatmaji ki Jayanti) 49. Literary Developments of Prayag Women’s University (Prayag Mahila Vidyapeeth ki Sahityik Pragati) 50. New Policies of Prayag Women’s University (Prayag Mahila Vidyapeeth ki Nayi Yojanaayein)
Shuby Abidi teaches in the Department of English, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. Her areas of specialization include Diaspora Studies, Indian Writing in English, and Muslim Women's Writing. She has a keen interest in Translation Studies and has translated Shahid Nadeem's play Dekh Tamasha Chalta Ban for the book Islam in Performance: Contemporary Plays from South Asia edited by Prof. Ashis Sengupta. She has also translated several short stories by Premchand in English.