1st Edition

Principles and Practices of Transportation Planning and Engineering

By Connie Tang, Lei Zhang Copyright 2021
    374 Pages 35 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    374 Pages 35 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Connie Kelly Tang and Lei Zhang have provided a holistic coverage of the entire surface transportation project and program development process from the beginning of planning though environmental approval, design, right-of way acquisition, construction to operations and maintenance.— Neil Pedersen, Executive Director, Transportation Research Board, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, DC

    Transportation program and project development is complex. The process spans over planning, programming, environment, design, right of way, construction, operations, and maintenance. Professionals from civil engineering, planning, social and environmental sciences, business and project management, and data science, work together in a relay team to transform an idea into a highway, a transit hub, an airport or a water facility. It is challenging for any one person to master all the knowledge and skills needed to perform every relevant task. However, it is critical for all involved to understand how this relay works and how the societal, environmental, governmental, and regulatory contexts influence the process and the technical solution. Professionals who understand the process and see the big picture are those who rise to the top as leaders.

    Transportation Project and Program Development provides holistic coverage on the technical subject matter, processes and procedures, and policy and guidance associated with transportation project and program development, which can help professionals become program leaders. For each phase of the process, key products delivered, processes used, governing principles, foundations of applicable science and engineering, technologies deployed, and knowledge required are discussed. While all coverages reflect the practices of the United States, the logic, principles, science, and engineering are applicable to all countries of the world. The book can also serve as an introductory textbook for undergraduate students and as a textbook or reference for a graduate-level course in civil engineering, transportation engineering, planning, and project management.

    1. The Law and the Process
    The Law
    Other Programs
    The Transportation Project Development Process
    Professional Disciplines

    2. Transportation Planning
    Basic Concepts
    Transportation Planning Organizations
    Transportation Planning Product
    Transportation Planning Procedure
    Traffic Safety Data Analysis
    Travel Demand Analysis
    Transportation Conformity Analysis
    Financial Planning

    3. Project Environmental Class of Action (COA) Determination
    National Environmental Policy Act
    Parties Involved during the NEPA Process
    Class of Action Determination
    Environmental Impact Statement
    Categorical Exclusion Projects
    Environmental Assessment
    Engineering Alternatives for Environmental Analysis

    4. Preliminary Engineering
    Fundamental Concepts
    Appropriate Horizontal and Vertical Curve Design
    Roadway and Bridge Cross Section Design
    Design Control
    Preliminary Engineering Analysis and Design
    Engineering Product and Deliverable

    5. Environmental Analysis
    Human, Social, and Cultural Environmental Impact Analysis
    Natural Environmental Impact Evaluation
    Physical Environmental Impact Evaluation
    Final Products and Deliverable

    6. Final Engineering Design
    Final Engineering Design Deliverables
    Design Standard and Specification
    Design Exception
    Constructability Review
    Land Surveying

    7. Right of Way
    Right of Way Definition
    Acquiring Right of Way
    Acquisition Procedure
    Final Deliverable
    Next Step

    8. Construction
    Construction Personnel
    Construction Contract Administration
    Construction Engineering and Inspection
    Resolving Construction Dispute
    Highway Construction Safety

    9. Operations
    Signal and Optimization
    Roadway Signs
    Access Management
    Intelligent Transportation System
    Traffic Incident Management
    Transportation Demand Management
    Traffic Congestion Performance Measures
    Spot Speed

    10. Maintenance
    Roadside Vegetation Management
    Winter Snow and Ice Control
    Pavement Maintenance
    Transportation Asset Management


    Connie Tang is a graduate of New York University, Abu Dhabi, with a B.A. in Economics. She also holds a master’s degree in Applied Economics from the University of Maryland. Since graduation, she has provided technical assistance to a wide range of activities and programs in the transportation field, including her near-three years of service as an on-site consultant at the Office of the Assistance Secretary for Research and Technology at the U.S. Department of Transportation. She has had the opportunity to interview a wide range of professionals and leaders in local, state, and federal agencies and private businesses regarding issues related to transportation program and project development, gaining fundamental and practical knowledge on transportation issues. Currently, Connie Tang serves as the Assistant Director of Research and Outreach at the Maryland Transportation Institute.

    Lei Zhang is the Herbert Rabin Distinguished Professor and Director of the Maryland Transportation Institute in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Maryland, College Park. He earned his Ph.D. in Transportation Engineering from the University of Minnesota, and B.S. in Civil Engineering from Tsinghua University. He teaches both graduate and undergraduate courses in areas of transportation engineering and perform advanced research in areas of transportation systems analysis; transportation planning; traffic control and management, transportation economics and policy; mathematical, statistical, and agent-based modelling and simulation supporting urban mobility and sustainability analysis.