Principles of Cosmology and Gravitation: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Principles of Cosmology and Gravitation

1st Edition

By Michael V Berry

CRC Press

179 pages

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Description

General relativity and quantum mechanics have become the two central pillars of theoretical physics. Moreover, general relativity has important applications in astrophysics and high-energy particle physics. Covering the fundamentals of the subject, Principles of Cosmology and Gravitation describes the universe as revealed by observations and presents a theoretical framework to enable important cosmological formulae to be derived and numerical calculations performed. Avoiding elaborate formal discussions, the book presents a practical approach that focuses on the general theory of relativity. It examines different evolutionary models and the gravitational effects of massive bodies. The book also includes a large number of worked examples and problems, half with solutions.

Reviews

"… very successful introduction and treatment … exceptionally methodical … deserves to be read and recommended as an introduction. … I recommended this book in 1976 and I will continue to do so."

-Space Science Reviews

"… an ideal text for undergraduates studying cosmology …"

-Europe and Astronomy

Table of Contents

COSMOGRAPHY

What the universe contains

The cosmic distance hierarchy and the determination of galactic densities

The red shift and the expansion of the universe

PHYSICAL BASIS OF GENERAL RELATIVITY

The need for relativistic ideas and a theory of gravitation

DIFFICULTIES WITH NEWTONIAN MECHANICS

Gravity and inertial frames and absolute space

Inadequacy of special relativity.

Mach's principle and gravitational waves

Einstein's principle of equivalence

CURVED SPACETIME AND THE PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS OF GENERAL RELATIVITY

Particle paths and the separation between events. Geodesics. Curved spaces. Curvature and gravitation

GENERAL RELATIVITY NEAR MASSIVE OBJECTS

Spacetime near an isolated mass

Around the world with clocks

Precession of the perihelion of Mercury

Deflection of light

Radar echoes from planets

Black holes

COSMIC KINEMATICS

Spacetime for the smoothed-out universe

Red shifts and horizons

Apparent luminosity

Galactic densities and the darkness of the night sky

Number counts

COSMIC DYNAMICS

Gravitation and the cosmic fluid

Histories of model universes

The steady state theory

Cosmologies in which the strength of gravity varies

IN THE BEGINNING

Cosmic black-body radiation

Condensation of galaxies

Ylem

APPENDIX A: Labeling astronomical objects

APPENDIX B: Theorema egregium

PROBLEMS

SOLUTIONS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS

USEFUL NUMBERS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI005000
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science
SCI051000
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics