2nd Edition

Principles of Hazardous Materials Management

By Roger D. Griffin Copyright 2009
    260 Pages 76 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Since the publication of the first edition of this volume in 1988, we have made great strides in reducing the amount of toxic waste that threatens our water, soil, and air. A greater acceptance of clean fuels and clean technologies, along with increased public awareness of environmental health hazards has given us greater optimism about the future of our planet. While few environmental threats can ever be completely eradicated, Principles of Hazardous Materials Management, Second Edition provides a framework for understanding the nature of hazardous materials and how the risks from such materials may be reduced.

    This long-awaited second edition updates and expands upon the topics in the bestselling first edition. The text begins with an introduction to hazardous materials, providing historical insight into toxins past and present. The book then explores the health effects of hazardous materials, discusses risk assessment, and profiles toxins in the air, soil, and water. The author examines the transportation and management of hazardous materials, defines waste characterization and analytical methods, and investigates waste treatment and disposal. Appendices contain the latest governmental regulations and a useful glossary.

    New to the Second Edition:

    • Expanded information and new technologies for groundwater remediation
    • New material on transportation and hazmat incidents
    • More emphasis on proactive management as a technique for reducing hazardous waste generation
    • Greater focus on the epidemiological model

    This volume provides the scientific background required to gain a working knowledge of toxic and hazardous substances. Comprehensive in scope yet concise enough to appeal to a wide range of professionals, it presents sufficient detail to ensure a firm understanding of the myriad concepts involved in hazardous materials management and how they relate to one another.

    Introduction to Hazardous Materials

    Hazard Defined

    Ancient Hazards

    The Industrial Age

    The Recent Past

    Toxicology and Health Effects of Hazardous Materials


    Routes of Exposure

    Body Response to Toxic Chemicals

    Varieties of Toxic and Hazardous Effects

    Specific Contaminant Effects

    Dose–Response Relationships

    Allowable Exposure Limits

    Time Effects and Sensitivities

    Sources of Health Effects Information

    Risks and Risk Assessment


    Types of Risks

    The Risk Assessment Process

    Uncertainties in Risk Assessments

    California Approaches

    Criteria for Health Impact and Acceptable Risks

    Screening Level Calculations

    Risk Management

    Air Pollution and Air Toxics


    Classifications and Sources

    Direct Evaporative Emissions

    Fugitive Emissions

    Waste-Related Air Toxic Emissions

    Treatment-Related Emissions

    Regulatory Approaches

    Hazardous Air Emission Trends

    Soils and Groundwater


    Principles of Hydrogeology

    Groundwater Movement

    Contamination in Groundwater

    Mitigation and Treatment

    Treatment Approaches

    Biological Treatment Methods

    Physical Treatment Methods

    Chemical Treatment Methods

    Combination Systems

    Natural Methods and Attenuation

    Transportation of Hazardous Materials


    Laws Involved in Hazardous Materials Transportation

    Hazardous Waste Transportation Regulations

    Key Elements

    Practical Aspects of Hazardous Materials Transportation

    Trends in Transportation Incidents

    Management of Hazardous Materials


    Proactive Hazardous Materials Management

    General Considerations

    A Specific Management Approach: The Aerospace Industry

    Hazardous Materials Planning for the Future

    Proactive Emergency Planning

    Waste Characterization and Analytical Methods


    Representative Sampling

    EPA Reference Methods

    Sampling and Handling

    Units of Measurement and Physical and Chemical Properties

    Fundamentals of Chemistry for Sample Analysis

    Matrices and Detection Limits

    Analytical Methods and Techniques

    Waste Treatment and Disposal


    Materials Recovery

    Basic Treatment Principles

    Treatment Classes

    Ultimate Residuals Management

    Appendix A: Federal Regulatory Approaches

    Appendix B: California Approaches

    Appendix C: Hazardous Materials Definitions


    Roger D. Griffin