Principles of Hazardous Materials Management: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Principles of Hazardous Materials Management

2nd Edition

By Roger D. Griffin

CRC Press

264 pages | 76 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2009-04-01
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Description

Since the publication of the first edition of this volume in 1988, we have made great strides in reducing the amount of toxic waste that threatens our water, soil, and air. A greater acceptance of clean fuels and clean technologies, along with increased public awareness of environmental health hazards has given us greater optimism about the future of our planet. While few environmental threats can ever be completely eradicated, Principles of Hazardous Materials Management, Second Edition provides a framework for understanding the nature of hazardous materials and how the risks from such materials may be reduced.

This long-awaited second edition updates and expands upon the topics in the bestselling first edition. The text begins with an introduction to hazardous materials, providing historical insight into toxins past and present. The book then explores the health effects of hazardous materials, discusses risk assessment, and profiles toxins in the air, soil, and water. The author examines the transportation and management of hazardous materials, defines waste characterization and analytical methods, and investigates waste treatment and disposal. Appendices contain the latest governmental regulations and a useful glossary.

New to the Second Edition:

  • Expanded information and new technologies for groundwater remediation
  • New material on transportation and hazmat incidents
  • More emphasis on proactive management as a technique for reducing hazardous waste generation
  • Greater focus on the epidemiological model

This volume provides the scientific background required to gain a working knowledge of toxic and hazardous substances. Comprehensive in scope yet concise enough to appeal to a wide range of professionals, it presents sufficient detail to ensure a firm understanding of the myriad concepts involved in hazardous materials management and how they relate to one another.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Hazardous Materials

Hazard Defined

Ancient Hazards

The Industrial Age

The Recent Past

Toxicology and Health Effects of Hazardous Materials

Introduction

Routes of Exposure

Body Response to Toxic Chemicals

Varieties of Toxic and Hazardous Effects

Specific Contaminant Effects

Dose–Response Relationships

Allowable Exposure Limits

Time Effects and Sensitivities

Sources of Health Effects Information

Risks and Risk Assessment

Introduction

Types of Risks

The Risk Assessment Process

Uncertainties in Risk Assessments

California Approaches

Criteria for Health Impact and Acceptable Risks

Screening Level Calculations

Risk Management

Air Pollution and Air Toxics

Introduction

Classifications and Sources

Direct Evaporative Emissions

Fugitive Emissions

Waste-Related Air Toxic Emissions

Treatment-Related Emissions

Regulatory Approaches

Hazardous Air Emission Trends

Soils and Groundwater

Introduction

Principles of Hydrogeology

Groundwater Movement

Contamination in Groundwater

Mitigation and Treatment

Treatment Approaches

Biological Treatment Methods

Physical Treatment Methods

Chemical Treatment Methods

Combination Systems

Natural Methods and Attenuation

Transportation of Hazardous Materials

Introduction

Laws Involved in Hazardous Materials Transportation

Hazardous Waste Transportation Regulations

Key Elements

Practical Aspects of Hazardous Materials Transportation

Trends in Transportation Incidents

Management of Hazardous Materials

Introduction

Proactive Hazardous Materials Management

General Considerations

A Specific Management Approach: The Aerospace Industry

Hazardous Materials Planning for the Future

Proactive Emergency Planning

Waste Characterization and Analytical Methods

Introduction

Representative Sampling

EPA Reference Methods

Sampling and Handling

Units of Measurement and Physical and Chemical Properties

Fundamentals of Chemistry for Sample Analysis

Matrices and Detection Limits

Analytical Methods and Techniques

Waste Treatment and Disposal

Introduction

Materials Recovery

Basic Treatment Principles

Treatment Classes

Ultimate Residuals Management

Appendix A: Federal Regulatory Approaches

Appendix B: California Approaches

Appendix C: Hazardous Materials Definitions

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General