Prisoner Reentry in the 21st Century: Critical Perspectives of Returning Home, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Prisoner Reentry in the 21st Century

Critical Perspectives of Returning Home, 1st Edition

Edited by Keesha M. Middlemass, CalvinJohn Smiley


414 pages

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Hardback: 9780815352754
pub: 2019-11-25
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This groundbreaking edited volume evaluates prisoner reentry using a critical approach to demonstrate how the many issues surrounding reentry do not merely intersect but are in fact reinforcing and interdependent. The number of former incarcerated persons with a felony conviction living in the United States has grown significantly in the last decade, reaching into the millions. When men and women are released from prison, the journey encompasses a range of challenges that are unique to each individual, including physical and mental illnesses, substance abuse, gender identity, complicated family dynamics, the denial of rights, and the inability to voice their experiences about returning home.

While scholars focus on the obstacles former prisoners encounter and how to reduce recidivism rates, the main challenge of prisoner reentry is how multiple interdependent issues overlap in complex ways. By examining prisoner reentry from various critical perspectives, this volume depicts how the carceral continuum, from incarceration to reentry, negatively impacts individuals, families, and communities; how the criminal justice system extends different forms of social control that break social networks; and how the shifting nature of prisoner reentry has created new and complicated obstacles to those affected by the criminal justice system. This volume explores these realities with respect to a range of social, community, political, and policy issues that former incarcerated persons must navigate to successfully reenter society.

A springboard for future critical research and policy discussions, this book will be of interest to U.S. and international researchers and practitioners interested in the topic of prisoner reentry, as well as graduate and upper-level undergraduate students concerned with contemporary issues in corrections, community-based corrections, critical issues in criminal justice, criminal justice policies, and reentry.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Critical Reentry by Keesha M. Middlemass and Calvin John Smiley

Part I: Institutions, Community & Reentry

Chapter 1: Halfway Home: The Thin Line Between Abstinence and the Drug Crisis by Liam Martin

Chapter 2:Triaging Rehabilitation: The Retreat of State-Funded Prison Programming by AllisonGorga

Chapter 3: The State’s Accomplices? Organizations and the Penal State by Nicole Kaufman

Chapter 4: Idaho: A Case Study in Rural Reentry by Deirdre Caputo-Levine

Chapter 5: Life courses of Sex and Violent Offenders After Prison Release: The Interaction Between Individual- and Community-Related Factors by Gunda Woessner, Kira-Sophie Gauder, and David Czudnochowski

Part II: Health, Embodiment & Reentry

Chapter 6: Mothers Returning Home: A Critical Intersectional Approach to Re-Entry by Rebecca Reviere, Vernetta D. Young, and Akiv Dawson

Chapter 7: Release from Long-Term Restrictive Housing by Linda Carson

Chapter 8: Resilient Roads and the Non-Prison Model for Women by L. Susan Williams, Edward L. W. Green, and Katrina M. Lewis

Chapter 9: Alcohol Use Disorder: Programs and Treatment for Offenders Reentering the Community by Sara Buck Doude and Jessica J. Sparks

Chapter 10: Carceral Calisthenics: (Body) Building a Resilient Self and Transformative Reentry Movement by Albert de la Tierra

Part III: Gender, Criminality & Reentry

Chapter 11: Black Women Excluded from Protection & Criminalized for their Existence by Keesha M. Middlemass

Chapter 12: The Gendered Challenges of Prisoner Reentry by Haley Zettler

Chapter 13: An Intersectional Criminology Analysis of Black Women’s Collective Resistance by Nishaun T. Battle and Jason M. Williams

Chapter 14: Gender Differences in Programmatic Needs for Juveniles by Laurin Parker and Kylie Parrotta

Chapter 15: Prison Is a Place to Teach Us the Things We’ve Never Learned in Life by Breea Willingham

Part IV: Access, Rights & Reentry

Chapter 16: "… Except Sex Offenders:" Registering Sexual Harm in the Age of #MeToo by David Booth

Chapter 17: Reentry in the Inland Empire: The Prison to College Pipeline with Project Rebound by Annika Yvette Anderson, Paul Andrew Jones, and Carolyn Anne McAllister

Chapter 18: The Politics of Restoring Voting Rights After Incarceration by Taneisha N. Means and Alexandra Hatch

Chapter 19: Restoration of Voting Rights: Returning Citizens & The Florida Electorate by Keneshia Grant

Chapter 20: Perpetual Punishment: One Man’s Journey Post-Incarceration by Tomas R. Montalvo and Jennifer M. Ortiz

Part V: Voices, Agency & Reentry

Chapter 21: Thoughts, Concerns & the Reality of Incarcerated Women by Calvin John Smiley and Keesha M. Middlemass

Chapter 22: Reflections on Reentry: Voices from the ID13 Prison Literacy Project by Halle M. Neiderman, Christopher P. Dum, and ID13 Prison Literacy Project

Chapter 23: Being Held at Rikers, Waiting to Go Upstate by Marques M.

Chapter 24: Re-Entry, From My Perspective by Abdul-Halim N. Shahid

Chapter 25: The Journey of a Black Man Enveloped in Poverty by Steven Pacheco

Chapter 26: My First 24 Hours After Being Released by Jose Lumbreras

Part VI: Activism, Liberation & Reentry

Chapter 27: Money for Freedom: Cash Bail, Incarceration, and Reentry by Calvin John Smiley

Chapter 28: Agents of Change in Healing Our Communities by Liza Chowdhury, Jason Davis, and Dedric "Beloved" Hammond

Chapter 29: Rehabilitation is Reentry: Breathing Space, A Product of Inmate Dreams by Robert Garot

Chapter 30: Making Good One Semester at a Time: Formerly Incarcerated Students (and their Professor) Consider the Redemptive Power of Inclusive Education by James M. Binnall, Irene Sotelo, Adrian Vazquez, and Joe Louis Hernandez

Chapter 31: "I Can't Depend on No Reentry Program!" Street-Identified Black Men’s Critical Reflections on Prison Reentry by Yasser Arafat Payne, Tara Marie Brown, and Corry Wright

Conclusion: What’s Next for Critical Reentry by Calvin John Smiley and Keesha M. Middlemass






About the Editors

Keesha M. Middlemass, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Public Policy in the Department of Political Science at Howard University in Washington, D.C. She specializes in studying race, reentry, food insecurity, and public policies using interdisciplinary frameworks to integrate knowledge from different disciplines and across multiple data sources, including participant observations, in-depth interviews, focus groups, policy analysis, and archival research. Her most recent book, Convicted & Condemned: The Politics and Policies of Prisoner Reentry, won the W.E.B. DuBois Distinguished Book Award in 2018. Her research is also published in Public Health Nutrition, International Journal of Eating Disorders, Aggressive Behavior, Criminal Justice & Behavior, The Prison Journal, and Punishment & Society. Dr. Middlemass is a member of the Racial Democracy, Crime and Justice Network, a former Andrew Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow on Race, Crime and Justice at the Vera Institute of Justice in New York City, and a former American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow. Dr. Middlemass earned her Ph.D. in Public Policy, American Politics, and Public Administration from The School of Public & International Affairs at the University of Georgia.

Calvin John Smiley, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of Sociology in the Department of Sociology at Hunter College-City of New York (CUNY). He specializes in studying race, reentry, and citizenship. His work is published in numerous peer-reviewed journals such as: The Prison Journal, Race Ethnicity and Education, Punishment & Society, Deviant Behavior, Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, Contemporary Justice Review. He is currently working on a book manuscript based on his research on reentry that explores the various ways men and women navigate the reentry process with diminished legal rights and amplified social stigmas. His future work will investigate the role of human and non-human interactions, particularly in carceral settings (e.g., prison based animal therapy programs). Dr. Smiley is a member of American Sociological Association, American Society of Criminology, and Kappa Alpha Psi Inc. He is the Vice-President of the Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Association on Corrections. Dr. Smiley earned his Ph.D. in Sociology from the CUNY Graduate Center.

About the Series

Routledge Innovations in Corrections

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Criminology