Prisoners of Want examines the experience of the unemployed and their protests in France in the interwar years. Little has been written on the experience of unemployment in France despite the wealth of material - social and medical investigations, government reports, novels, memoirs and newspapers - that can be used to reconstruct the representation and reality of the experience. Assessing the impact of unemployed protest upon the authorities (in terms of policy and the longer term development of the welfare state) this book places the role of the unemployed in the wider context of European social movements in the 1930s, as well as considering the significance of unemployed protests upon the French collective memory. The part played by the French Communist Party in the creation and leadership of the movements of the unemployed, and the range of activities these movements undertook, is also explored. From self-help to protests, hunger marches, demonstrations, relief work, school strikes, town hall occupations and riots; all were strategies that the unemployed utilised to draw attention to their plight. Crucial to explaining the characteristics of these movements is an understanding of the dynamics of protest and how different tactics were selected during their development, particularly the extent to which tactical shifts were related to the nature of the response of the authorities. By exploring these under-researched facets of political life, a much fuller understanding of French society during the turbulent interwar years is offered.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface; Introduction; The experience of unemployment between the wars; Movements of the unemployed in the 1920s; The Parisian unemployed movement, 1930-33; Early regional unemployed movements, 1931-33; The Lille to Paris hunger march; After the hunger march: the rising militancy of the unemployed in 1934; The coming of the Popular Front and the unemployed movements; The Popular Front government and the unemployed; Unemployment and the war years, 1940-45; Conclusion; Appendices; Bibliography; Index.