Private Military and Security Companies as Legitimate Governors: From Barricades to Boardrooms, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Private Military and Security Companies as Legitimate Governors

From Barricades to Boardrooms, 1st Edition

By Berenike Prem


288 pages

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Hardback: 9781138330436
pub: 2019-08-11
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This book examines the legitimation of Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs), focusing on the controversy between PMSCs and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).

While existing studies disproportionately emphasise the ability for companies and their clients to dominate and shape perceptions of the industry, this book offers an alternative explanation for the oft-cited normalization of PMSCs and the trend to privatise security by analysing the changing relationship between PMSCs and NGOs. It uses the concept of ‘norm entrepreneurship’ to elucidate the legitimation game between these two dissimilar actors. Starting from the 1990s, the book shows that the relationship between PMSCs and NGOs has undergone a transition by literally moving from ‘the barricades to the boardrooms’. After years of fierce advocacy and PR campaigns against PMSCs, today both actors increasingly collaborate in multi-stakeholder initiatives, elevating the status of PMSCs from a scorned actor to a trusted partner in the regulation of the industry. The work offers a comprehensive explanation of when and why this kind of collective norm entrepreneurship is likely to occur.

This book will be of interest to students of private military and security companies, critical security studies, global governance, international norms, and International Relations.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction; 2 PMSC-NGO Interactions, Legitimation, and Norm Entrepreneurship; 3 The ‘First’ PMSCs: Just Warriors or Just Mercenaries?; 4 NGO Discourse – The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly; 5 Business Discourse: (Re)Framing PMSCs; 6 Norm Entrepreneurship in the Swiss Initiative: From Accounts to Accountability; 7 Norm Entrepreneurship in the International Code of Conduct and the International Code of Conduct Association; 8 Explaining Norm Entrepreneurship in Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives; 9 Conclusion

About the Author

Berenike Prem is a research fellow at the University of Kiel, Germany.

About the Series

Routledge Private Security Studies

The series will publish books in the area of Private Security Studies, broadly defined. It invites research publications contributing to and advancing existing research agendas and is particularly eager to welcome research doing this through diverse theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, as well as interdisciplinary work.


Advisory Board:

Rita Abrahamsen, University of Ottawa

Deborah Avant, Denver University

Navita Behera, Univeristy of Delhi

Pinar Bilgin, Bilkent University

Christian Bueger, Cardiff University

Deborah Cowen, University of Toronto

Marieke de Goede, Free University, Amsterdam

Rebecca de Winter-Schmitt, American University/ Amnesty International

Mervin Frost, King's College London

Thomas Gammeltoft-Hansen, Roul Wallenberg Institute

Ben Goold, University of British Columbia

Monica Herz, PUC Rio de Janeiro

Aida Hozic, Florida University

Christopher Kinsey, King's College London

Keith Krause, Institut d'Hautes Etudes en Relations Internationales, Geneva

Mark Laffey, School of African and Oriental Studies

Ian Loader, Oxford University

Roxanne Lynn-Doty, University of Arizona

James Pattison, University of Manchester

Sarah Percy, University of Western Australia

Clifford Shearing, Griffith University

Christopher Spearin, Canadian Forces College

Maria Stern, Göteborgs Universitet

Nigel White, University of Nottingham

Klaus Dieter Wolf, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt

Kirstie Ball, University of St Andrews

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Freedom & Security / International Security
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Freedom & Security / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / Middle Eastern