This book looks at how the ideas of freedom, property, and order are expressed in modern social contract theories (SCTs). Drawing on the theories of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Rawls, it studies how notions of freedom promulgated by these SCTs invariably legitimise and defend the private ownership of the means of production. It argues that capitalism’s impact on individual dependence and economic inequality still stems from this model, ultimately working in favour of proprietors.
The author highlights the problematic nature of SCTs, which work as ideological mechanisms put forward under the guise of formal equality and formal freedom, by focusing on the historical and social context behind them. From a methodological point of view, the author presents a de-ideologization of the contractarian issue and provides insight into the political ‘layers’ within the discourse of individualism, human nature and morality shaping the outer corners of contractarian theory.
An important intervention in the study of SCTs, this volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of political and social theory, sociology, political history, and political philosophy.
Table of Contents
1. The conceptual framework of private property and its relation with freedom and order
2. A critical evaulation of the main elements of contractarian approach
3. The relation between private property, freedom and order in pioneers of the modern social contract theories: Hobbes and Locke
4. Eighteenth-Century France and Rousseauian formulation of private property, freedom and order
5. Revitalization of social contract theory in terms of the relation between private property, freedom and order: the case of John Rawls
Mehmet Kanatli is Lecturer at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at Hitit University, Turkey. He received his MA from the Political Theory programme at Manchester University, UK and his PhD from the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at Middle East Technical University, Turkey. He is interested in a wide range of social science disciplines from international relations to political theory, with a specialization in theories of democracies, political ideologies, and political thought.