Process Synthesis for Fuel Ethanol Production: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Process Synthesis for Fuel Ethanol Production

1st Edition

By C.A. Cardona, O.J. Sanchez, L.F. Gutierrez

CRC Press

394 pages | 93 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439815977
pub: 2009-12-03
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pub: 2009-12-03
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Process engineering can potentially provide the means to develop economically viable and environmentally friendly technologies for the production of fuel ethanol. Focusing on a key tool of process engineering, Process Synthesis for Fuel Ethanol Production is a comprehensive guide to the design and analysis of the most advanced technologies for fuel ethanol production from feedstocks. It describes how process systems engineering can be applied to fuel ethanol production to achieve new levels of efficiency according to technical, economic, and environmental criteria.

Drawing on the authors’ more than 15 years of process engineering and ethanol research, the book first focuses on liquid biofuels, before examining the role of process synthesis in the rapid and high-tech analysis and design of complex biotechnological processes. It then describes various types of feedstocks, including sugars, starchy crops, lignocellulosic biomass, and microorganisms, as well as hydrolysis technologies, such as saccharification. The authors cover the fuel ethanol production technologies for different feedstocks, the new technological innovations based on process integration to reduce energy consumption, and the environmental issues of bioethanol production. They also discuss the technological configurations for fuel ethanol production in the industry and the possible factors affecting food security with fuel ethanol production and consumption.

Supported by case studies that include calculations and discussions of results, this book uses a process engineering approach to explore the analysis and development of fuel ethanol production from different feedstocks. It shows how accurate analysis and precise design, along with responsible government policies, can lead to fair and sustainable development of energy crops worldwide.

Table of Contents


Biofuels Generalities

Gasoline Oxygenation

Ethanol as a Gasoline Oxygenate

Gasoline Oxygenation Programs with Fuel Ethanol in Some Countries

Process Design and Role of Process Synthesis

Conceptual Process Design

Knowledge-Based Process Synthesis

Optimization-Based Process Synthesis

Final Considerations

Feedstocks for Fuel Ethanol Production


Starchy Materials

Lignocellulosic Materials

Feedstock Conditioning and Pretreatment

Conditioning of Sucrose-Containing Materials

Pretreatment of Starchy Materials

Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Detoxification of Pretreated Biomass

Hydrolysis of Carbohydrate Polymers

Starch Saccharification

Hydrolysis of Cellulose

Microorganisms for Ethanol Production

Metabolic Features of Ethanol-Producing Microorganisms

Nongenetically Modified Microorganisms for Ethanol Production

Genetically Modified Microorganisms for Ethanol Production

Ethanolic Fermentation Technologies

Description of Main Fermentation Technologies for Ethanol Production

Modeling of Ethanolic Fermentation for Process Design Purposes

Analysis of Fed-Batch Ethanolic Fermentation

Dynamics of Continuous Fermentation Systems

Analysis of Ethanol Recovery and Dehydration

Concentration and Rectification of Ethanol Contained in Culture Broths

Ethanol Dehydration

Evaluation of Separation and Dehydration Schemes

Integrated Processes for Fuel Ethanol Production

Process Integration

Reaction–Reaction Integration for Bioethanol Production

Reaction–Separation Integration for Bioethanol Production

Separation–Separation Integration for Bioethanol Production

Environmental Aspects of Fuel Ethanol Production

Effluent Treatment during Fuel Ethanol Production

Environmental Performance of Fuel Ethanol Production

Technological Configurations for Fuel Ethanol Production in the Industry

Ethanol Production from Sucrose-Containing Materials

Ethanol Production from Starchy Materials

Ethanol Production from Lignocellulosic Materials

Role of Energy Integration during Process Synthesis

Food Security versus Fuel Ethanol Production

Crop Potentials for Food and Energy

Bioethanol and Fossil Oil Dependence

Bioenergy and Transgenics

Bioenergy and Food Market

Bioenergy and Food Security Project

Concluding Remarks

Perspectives and Challenges in Fuel Ethanol Production


Process Engineering

Food Security Impacts

Environmental Impacts


References appear at the end of each chapter.

About the Authors

C.A. Cardona is an associate professor of chemical engineering in the Pilot Plants of Biotechnology and Agroindustry at the National University of Colombia in Manizales. He is also a consultant in bioenergy and development for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome, Italy.

O.J. Sanchez is an associate professor of food engineering in the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology at the University of Caldas in Manizales, Colombia.

L.F. Gutierrez is an assistant professor in the Department of Engineering at the University of Caldas in Manizales, Colombia.

About the Series

Biotechnology and Bioprocessing

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Biotechnology
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General