In recent years the increased awareness of environmental issues has led to the development of new approaches to product design, known as Design for Environment and Life Cycle Design. Although still considered emerging and in some cases radical, their principles will become, by necessity, the wave of the future in design. A thorough exploration of the subject, Product Design for the Environment: A Life Cycle Approach presents key concepts, basic design frameworks and techniques, and practical applications. It identifies effective methods and tools for product design, stressing the environmental performance of products over their whole life cycle.
After introducing the concepts of Sustainable Development, the authors discuss Industrial Ecology and Design for Environment as defined in the literature. They present the life cycle theory and approach, explore how to apply it, and define its main techniques. The book then covers the main premises of product design and development, delineating how to effectively integrate environmental aspects in modern product design. The authors pay particular attention to environmental strategies that can aid the achievement of the requisites of eco-efficiency in various phases of the product life cycle. They go on to explore how these strategies are closely related to the functional performance of the product and its components, and, therefore, to some aspects of conventional engineering design. The book also introduces phenomena of performance deterioration, together with principles of design for component durability, and methods for the assessment of residual life.
Finally, the book defines entirely new methods and tools in relation to strategic issues of Life Cycle Design. Each theme provides an introduction to the problems and original proposals based on the authors’ experience. The authors then discuss the implementation of these new concepts in design practice, differentiating between levels of intervention and
From Sustainable Development to Design for Environment. Life Cycle Approach and the Product-System Concept and Modeling. Life Cycle Design and Management. Life Cycle Assessment. Life Cycle Cost Analysis. Integrated Economic-Environmental Analysis of Life Cycle. Product Design and Development Process. Integration of Environmental Aspects in Product Design. Life Cycle Environmental Strategies and Considerations for Product Design. Engineering Methods for Product Duration Design and Evaluation. Product Constructional System Definition Based on Optimal Life Cycle Strategies. Environmental Characterization of Materials and Optimal Choice. Design for Disassembly and Distribution of Disassembly Depth. Optimal Disassembly Planning. Product Recovery Cycles Planning and Cost-Benefit Analysis of Recovery. Methodological Framework and Analysis Models for Simulation of Product Life Cycle.