1st Edition

Production and Operations Management Systems

ISBN 9781466507333
Published February 7, 2014 by CRC Press
520 Pages 75 B/W Illustrations

USD $210.00

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Book Description

Since the beginning of mankind on Earth, if the "busyness" process was successful, then some form of benefit sustained it. The fundamentals are obvious: get the right inputs (materials, labor, money, and ideas); transform them into highly demanded, quality outputs; and make it available in time to the end consumer. Illustrating how operations relate to the rest of the organization, Production and Operations Management Systems provides an understanding of the production and operations management (P/OM) functions as well as the processes of goods and service producers.

The modular character of the text permits many different journeys through the materials. If you like to start with supply chain management (Chapter 9) and then move on to inventory management (Chapter 5) and then quality management (Chapter 8), you can do so in that order. However, if your focus is product line stability and quick response time to competition, you may prefer to begin with project management (Chapter 7) to reflect the continuous project mode required for fast redesign rapid response. Slides, lectures, Excel worksheets, and solutions to short and extended problem sets are available on the Downloads / Updates tabs.

The project management component of P/OM is no longer an auxiliary aspect of the field. The entire system has to be viewed and understood. The book helps students develop a sense of managerial competence in making decisions in the design, planning, operation, and control of manufacturing, production, and operations systems through examples and case studies. The text uses analytical techniques when necessary to develop critical thinking and to sharpen decision-making skills. It makes production and operations management (P/OM) interesting, even exciting, to those who are embarking on a career that involves business of any kind.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Production and Operations Management
The Systems Viewpoint
Strategic Thinking
Explaining P/OM
Use of Models by P/OM
The Systems Approach
Information Systems for Manufacturing and Services
Defining Operations
Working Definitions of Production and Operations
Contrasting Production Management and Operations Management
P/OM—The Hub of the Business Model
Transformation Process
Costs and Revenues Associated with Input–Output (I/O) Models
P/OM Input–Output Profit Model
Productivity—A Major P/OM Issue
The Stages of P/OM Development
Organizational Positions and Career Opportunities in P/OM
Review Questions
P/OM History Archive
Archival Articles
Readings and References
Source of Video Clips on Manufacturing
Alliance for Innovative Manufacturing (AIM): How Everyday Things Are Made

Strategy, Productivity, and History
The Systems Viewpoint
Strategic Thinking
Measurement of Productivity
System-Wide Issues Impacting Productivity
History of Improvements of P/OM Transformations
Review Questions
Readings and References

Workload Assessment (Forecasting)
Time Series and Extrapolation
Forecasting Methods for Time-Series Analysis
Regression Analysis
Coefficients of Correlation and Determination
Forecasting Errors
The Delphi Method
Pooling Information and Multiple Forecasts
Product Life-Cycle Stages and Forecasting
Review Questions
Readings and References

Capacity Management and Aggregate Production Planning
Definitions of Capacity
Introduction to Aggregate Production Planning
Example 1: Aggregate Production Planning
Example 2: Aggregate Manufacturer’s Production Planning
Example 3: Aggregate Production Planning in a ServiceIndustry
Review Questions
Readings and References

Inventory Management
Types of Inventory Situations
Inventory-Related Costs
EOQ Model
EPQ Model
ABC Classification
Quantity Discount Model
Lead Times
Order Point Policies
Perpetual (Fixed Quantity) Inventory Systems
Periodic Review (Fixed Time) Inventory Systems
Review Questions
Readings and References

Classification of Scheduling Problems
Two Machines Flow-Shop Problem
Single-Machine Scheduling
Dynamic Scheduling Problems
Review Questions
Readings and References

Project Management
Managing Projects
Good Project Managers Are Leaders
Basic Rules for Managing Projects
Project Management Origins
Project Network
Critical Path and Project Duration
Early Start and Early Finish Times
Late Start and Late Finish Times
Slack Time
Reducing Project Duration—Crashing Activities
Cost Analysis
Crashing Multiple Paths
Probabilistic Projects
Resource Management
Review Questions
Readings and References

Quality Management
How Much Quality
Dimensions of Quality
The Costs of Quality
QC Methodology
Control Charts for Statistical Process Control
Control Charts for Variables: x-Bar Charts
Control Charts for Variables: R-Charts
Control Charts for Attributes: p-Charts
Control Charts for Attributes: c-Charts
Acceptance Sampling
International Quality Standards
Industrial Recognition of Quality
Review Questions
Readings and References

Supply Chain Management
Acquisition Chain Management
The Purchasing Function
Receiving, Inspection, and Storage
Requiring Bids before Purchase
Certification of Suppliers
Global Sourcing
Distribution Chain Management
Forecasting and Inventory Decisions in Supply Chain
Bullwhip Effect
Review Questions
Reading and References

Long-Term Planning (Facilities, Location, and Layout)
Facilities Planning
Who Does Facilities Planning?
Models for Facility Decisions
Location Decisions—Qualitative Factors
Structure and Site Selection
Rent, Buy, or Build—Cost Determinants
Facility Selection Using Scoring Models
Location Decisions Using the Transportation Model
Location Decisions Using Breakeven Models
Facilities Layout
Load–Distance Models
Heuristics to Improve Layout
Finding the Load Matrix
Review Questions
Readings and References

Innovation by P/OM for New Product Development (NPD)and Sustainability
Introduction to NPD and Innovation
Organizations Must Be Adaptable
Competition for New Ideas, Resources, and Customers
Product Innovation Failures Can Be Avoided
Continuous Project Management Is a Successful Innovation
New Growth Platforms for Innovation
The Dynamics of Brand Share
Innovators and Imitators
Innovators’ Production Strategies
Review Questions
Readings and References
Appendix A: Quantitative Models
A.1 Breakeven Models
A.1.1 Linear Breakeven Equations
A.1.2 Breakeven Charts
A.1.3 Interfunctional Breakeven Capacity Planning
A.2 Transportation Model of Linear Programming
Appendix B: The z-Table

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Sushil Gupta is a Knight Ridder Center Research Professor in the College of Business Administration at Florida International University, Miami.

Martin Starr is Distinguished Professor of Production and Operations Management Emeritus at the Crummer Graduate School of Business at Rollins College, Florida, and Professor of Management Science and Operations Management Emeritus at Columbia University Graduate School of Business, New York.

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