A rapidly growing number of people experience psychological strain at their workplace. In almost all industrialized countries, absenteeism and turnover rates increase, and an increasing amount of workers receive disablement benefits because of psychological problems. This book, first published in 1993, concentrates on a specific kind of occupational stress: burnout, the depletion of energy resources as a result of continuous emotional demands of the job.
This volume presents theoretical perspectives that had been developed in the United States and Europe, discusses methodological issues, and examines organisational contexts. Written by an international group of leading scholars, this book will be of interest to students of both psychology and human resource management.
Preface; 1. Historical and Conceptual Development of Burnout Christina Maslach and Wilmar B. Schaufeli; Part 1: Interpersonal Approaches; 2. Burnout: A Multidimensional Perspective Christina Maslach 3. Burnout: An Existential Perspective Ayala M. Pines 4. Burnout: A Perspective from Social Comparison Theory Bram P. Buunk and Wilmar B. Schaufeli; Part 2: Individual Approaches; 5. In Search of Theory: Some Ruminations on the Nature and Etiology of Burnout Matthias Burisch 6. Burning Out: A Framework Lennart Hallsten 7. Conservation of Resources: A General Stress Theory Applied to Burnout Steven E. Hobfoll and John Freedy; Part 3: Organizational Approaches; 8. Role of Professional Self-Efficacy in the Etiology and Amelioration of Burnout Cary Cherniss 9. Organizational Structure, Social Support, and Burnout Jacques Winnubst 10. Impact of professional Burnout on Creativity and Innovation Czeslaw Noworol, Zbigniew Žarczyński, Magdalena Fafrowicz, and Tadeusz Marek 11. Burnout, Health, Work Stress, and Organizational Healthiness Tom Cox, George Kuk, and Michael P. Leiter; Part 4: Methodological Issues; 12. Measurement of Burnout: A Review Wilmar B. Schaufeli, Dirk Enzmann, and Noëlle Girault 13. Burnout in Cross-National Settings: Generic and Model-Specific Perspectives Robert T. Golembiewski, Katherine Scherb, and Robert A. Boudreau 14. Burnout as a Developmental Process: Consideration of Models Michael P. Leiter; Part 5: Outlook; 15. The Future of Burnout Wilmar B. Schaufeli, Christina Maslach, and Tadeusz Marek; References; Index