Profitability and the Great Recession: The Role of Accumulation Trends in the Financial Crisis, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Profitability and the Great Recession

The Role of Accumulation Trends in the Financial Crisis, 1st Edition

By Ascension Mejorado, Manuel Roman

Routledge

320 pages | 79 B/W Illus.

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Description

From the mid-1980s, investors in the US increasingly directed capital towards the financial sector at the expense of non-financial sectors, lured by the perception of higher profits. This flow of capital inflated asset prices, creating the stock market and housing bubbles which burst when the imbalance between stagnant incomes and rising debts triggered the banking meltdown. Profitability and the Great Recession analyses these trends in profitability and capital accumulation, which the authors identify as the root cause of the financial crisis, in the context of the US and other major OECD countries.

Drawing on insights from Adam Smith, David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill and Karl Marx, the authors interpret the relationship between capital accumulation and profitability trends through the conceptual lens of classical political economy. The book provides extensive empirical evidence of declining rates of US non-financial corporate accumulations from the mid-1960s and profitability trends in that sector falling from post-war highs. In contrast to this, it is shown that there was a vigorous rise of profitability in the financial sector from a 1982 trough to the early part of the twenty-first century, which led to the bloating of that sector. The authors conclude that the long-term falling accumulation trend in the non-financial corporate sector, highlighted by the bankruptcy of major automobile corporations, stands out as the underlying force that transformed the financial crisis into a fully-fledged Great Recession.

This book will be of interest to students and researchers in the areas of economics, political economy, business and finance.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction 2. Kaldor’s ‘Stylized Facts’: Real or merely convenient 3. Innovations as Competitive Weapons 4. Mechanization and Price/Quality Competition 5. Capital Intensity and Profitability: Dissenting views 6. Heterodox Models of Technical Change and Profitability 7. Capital-Output Ratios in Retrospect 8. Profitability Trends After the ‘Golden Age’ 9. Profit-Driven Capital Accumulation Rate in OECD Countries 10. Nonfinancial Versus Financial Profitability Trends and Capacity Utilization 11. Mill and Minsky on Roads to Speculation and Crisis 12. Unemployment Trends Beyond the Great Recession 13. Sources and Methods

About the Authors

Ascension Mejorado is Master Teacher of Economics at New York University, USA.

Manuel Roman taught economics at New Jersey City University, USA for over 25 years, and is now retired.

About the Series

Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy

In recent years, there has been widespread criticism of mainstream economics. This has taken many forms, from methodological critiques of its excessive formalism, to concern about its failure to connect with many of the most pressing social issues. This series provides a forum for research which is developing alternative forms of economic analysis. Reclaiming the traditional 'political economy' title, it refrains from emphasising any single school of thought, but instead attempts to foster greater diversity within economics.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS000000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / General
BUS023000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economic History
BUS069000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economics / General