1st Edition

Projection and Personality Development via the Eight-Function Model

By Carol Shumate Copyright 2021
    274 Pages 23 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    274 Pages 23 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Jung considered personality development critical for the survival of the human race, not just for personal fulfillment, but how can personality be developed? Carol Shumate shows how John Beebe’s revolutionary eight-function/eight-archetype model of personality type can be applied to guide development for each of the sixteen Myers-Briggs types, making explicit the implications of Jung’s eight-function model. Based on reports from participants at Beebe’s workshops and using examples of historic figures like Abraham Lincoln, this is the first book to detail how the unconscious aspects of the functions tend to manifest for each type.

    Projection and Personality Development via the Eight-Function Model can assist readers in realizing the transformation that Jung himself experienced. It will be key reading for Jungian analysts and psychotherapists, academics and scholars of Jungian and post-Jungian studies, and practitioners of psychological type.

    Part I: From 8 Functions to 16 Types to 64 Function-Archetypes

    1. An Eastern Philosophy in Western Clothing
    2. Jung’s Feeling Crisis
    3. The Science of Personality and the Personality of Science
    4. Extraversion and Introversion as Guides to Projection
    5. The Third Dimension of Personality Type
    6. Our Internal Team of Rivals: Lincoln's Example

    Part II: Tables — The Function-Archetypes for All Types

    How to Use the Tables

    Table 1. Visual and Verbal Cues to Type

    Table 2. The Functions in Brief

    Table 3. The Functions in Depth

    Table 4. The Sequence of Functions and Archetypes for All Types

    Table 5. The Beebe Archetypes in Brief

    Table 6. The Beebe Archetypes in Depth

    Table 7. The Function-Archetypes for All Types

    Table 8. Dynamic Opposites

    Table 9. Profiles of the Sixteen Types


    Carol Shumate, PhD, teaches courses on psychological type at Pacifica Graduate Institute, USA. She is editor of the journal Personality Type in Depth.

    "Carol Shumate has taken the trouble to understand the additions and extensions I have made to type theory, which foreground Jung’s contribution in discriminating eight separate function-attitudes through which personal self-experience can evince a truly psychological awareness. She has also found her own way to apply these ideas to the expansion of consciousness in midlife, the assimilation of charismatic leadership, and the effort to make relationships between individual citizens of the psyche comprehensible. The care she takes to include a range of possible interpretations of type differentiation helps the reader to appreciate the diversity of consciousness itself."John Beebe, author of Energies and Patterns in Psychological Type

    "This is a great book for people who want to understand Jung’s psychological type theory in its fullest breadth and depth. Carol Shumate is a skilled practitioner of typology and a consummate teacher with many years of experience. A superb treatment of the topic of psychological types!"Murray Stein, PhD, author of Jung’s Map of the Soul