Environmental conflict resolution (ECR) is a process of negotiation that allows stakeholders in a dispute to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement on their own terms. The tools of ECR, such as facilitation, mediation, and conflict assessment, suggest that it fits well with other ideas for reforming environmental policy. First used in 1974, ECR has been an official part of policymaking since the mid 1990s. The Promise and Performance of Environmental Conflict Resolution is the first book to systematically evaluate the results of these efforts. The Promise and Performance of Environmental Conflict Resolution presents empirical research along with insights from some of ECR�s most experienced practitioners. Beginning with a primer about concepts and methods, the book describes the kinds of disputes where ECR has been applied, making it clear that 'despite the faith of proponents in the power and usefulness of ECR, it is not applicable to all environmental conflicts.' The contributions that follow critically investigate the record and potential of ECR, drawing on perspectives from political science, public administration, regional planning, philosophy, psychology, anthropology, and law. ECR is being extended to almost every area of environmental policy. Rosemary O'Leary and Lisa Bingham argue that truly effective use of ECR requires something more than advocacy. The Promise and Performance of Environmental Conflict Resolution provides scholars, policymakers, students, and practitioners with critical assessments, so that ECR can be used to its best advantage.
'The editors have a distinguished record of following environmental conflicts, and provide a retrospective on the relative success of unconventional participatory techniques… The editors have provided a much needed reminder that we cannot simply accept consensual approaches as a panacea to resolving conflicts, especially when larger societal goals such as environmental conservation are at stake.' Environmental Conservation
Foreword Gail Bingham Preface About the Contributors Part I Introduction 1. The Challenges of Environmental Conflict Resolution Lisa Bingham, Kirk Emerson, Tina Nabatchi, Rosemary O�Leary, and John Stephens 2. Whose Reality Counts? Juliana E. Birkhoff and Kem Lowry Part II Upstream Environmental Conflict Resolution 3. Dispute Resolution as a Method of Public Participation Thomas C. Beierle and Jerry Cayford 4. Is Satisfaction Success? Evaluating Public Participation in Regulatory Policymaking Cary Coglianese Part III Midstream Environmental Conflict Resolution 5. Intractable Conflict Marcia Caton Campbell 6. Achievement of Relationship Change Tamra Pearson D�Estree 7. Retrospective and Prospective Frame Elicitation Sanda Kaufman and Barbara Gray 8. Facilitators, Coordinators, and Outcomes William Leach and Paul Sabatier Part IV Downstream Environmental Conflict Resolution at the State and Federal Levels 9. Evaluation of Environmental Dispute Resolution Programs Andy Rowe 10. An Evaluation System for State and Federal Conflict Resolution Programs: The Policy Consensus Initiative Kirk Emerson and Chris Carlson 11. State Agency Administrative Mediation: A Florida Trial Frances Stokes Berry, Bruce Stiftel, and Aysin Dedkorkut 12. Court-Annexed Environmental Mediation: The District of Oregon Pilot Project Lisa A. Kloppenberg 13. Dispute Resolution at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Rosemary O�Leary and Susan Raines Part V Downstream Environmental Conflict Resolution and Outcome Measures 14. The Assessment of Environmental Outcomes Mette Brogden 15. Economic Characteristics of Successful Outcomes Bonnie Colby Part VI Conclusion 16. Fulfilling the Promise of Environmental Conflict Resolution Lisa Bingham, David Fairman, Dan Fiorino, and Rosemary O�Leary Index