Development and the ending of mass poverty require a massive increase in productive capabilities and production in developing countries. Some countries, notably in Asia, are achieving this. Yet ‘pro-poor’ aid policies, especially for the least developed countries, operate largely without reference to policy thinking on the promotion of innovation for productivity growth. Conversely, policy-makers and researchers on innovation and industrial policies tend to know little about the potential for social protection to support innovation and productivity improvement. This book aims to focus attention on this gulf between research on innovation and on poverty reduction and to identify some of its policy consequences; to set out some ways in which this gulf can be bridged, analytically and empirically; and to contribute to the creation of an agenda for further research and an understanding of the urgency of the implied rethinking.
The first two chapters provide sustained arguments for embedding social policy thinking in much more ‘productivist’ frameworks of thought that focus on raising productivity and employment; and for identifying growth theories that can incorporate satisfactory understandings of innovation and employment upgrading. A set of chapters then tackle these broad themes in the context of health, addressing the interlinked issues of innovation, health inequity and associated impoverishment. The final set of chapters examines the challenge of creating industrial policies that generate both innovation and employment, using and going beyond concepts of systems of innovation.
1. Promoting Innovation, Productivity And Industrial Growth And Reducing Poverty: Bridging The Policy Gap – Introduction Maureen Mackintosh, Joanna Chataway and Marc Wuyts
2. Transformative Social Policy And Innovation In Developing Countries Thandika Mkandawire
3. Which Growth Theory Is Good For The Poor? Charles Gore
4. The Gap Between Successful Innovation And Access To Its Benefits: Indian Pharmaceuticals Sudip Chaudhuri
5. Diffusion Of Medical Technology And Equity In Health In Brazil: An Exploratory Analysis Sebastião Loureiro, Bruno Simões, Erika, Aragão, Fabio Mota, Hamilton Moura and Luciano Damasceno
6. Competitive And Organisational Constraints On Innovation, Investment And Quality Of Care In A Liberalised Low-Income Health System: Evidence From Tanzania Maureen Mackintosh and Paula Tibandebage
7. The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative In A Changing Landscape Of Vaccine Development: In A Changing Landscape Of Vaccine Development (Iavi) Joanna Chataway and Stefano Brusoni
8. A Public/Private Partnership As Knowledge Broker and Integrator Eugenia Cacciatori, Rebecca Hanlin and Luigi Orsenigo
9. Competitive Selection And Technological Capabilities In Ethiopian Manufacturing Adamasu Shifera
10. Banking On Rural Innovation For Poverty Reduction: A Case Study Of Value-Chain Lending In Mozambique Roberto Simonetti, Marc Wuyts and Anna Fivawo-Wuyts
11. Industry Associations And Technology-Based Growth In India Suma Athreye and Sachin Chaturvedi