This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the trial of former Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
With the premature death of Milošević in March 2006 his trial was left unfinished. Although the traditional objectives of criminal law, such as retribution, justice for victims, and deterrence, were not achieved, the Milošević trial archive is a significant historical resource for researchers from various fields. This book extracts details from the collection of documentary and transcript evidence that makes up the trial record – sources which would be almost impossible to extricate without an insider’s guiding hand – to allow readers to trace the threads of several historical narratives. The value of this methodology is particularly evident in the Milošević case as, acting as his own defence counsel, he responded to, and interacted with, almost all witnesses and evidence presented against him. By providing snapshots of the behaviour displayed by Milošević in court while conducting his defence, in combination with passages of carefully selected evidence from an immense archive familiar to few scholars, this volume reveals how these trial records, and trail records in general, are a truly invaluable historical source. The book underlines the premise that any record of a mass atrocities trial, whether finished or unfinished, establishes a record of past events, contributes to interpretations of a historical period and influences the shaping of collective memory.
This book will be of much interest to students of the Former Yugoslavia, war crimes, international law, human rights, international relations and European politics.
'With admirable clarity and attention to detail, Tromp takes the reader inside Hague courtrooms, through the maze of legal, political, and historical aspects of a complex case….Her book is a remarkable achievement, an inside account of arguably the most significant war crimes trial since World War II, and should prove crucial in countering the culture of impunity that still predominates in the Balkans.' -- Gordana Knezevic, Balkans Without Borders
'Nevenka Tromp's well-wirttenstudy on Milosevic's political strategy and actions through the prism of ICTY evidence is another valuable building block in the booming historiography on the rise-and-fall of communist Yugoslavia and its aftermath. Tentatively, the book's perspective and the author's theoretical refl�ections point toward a fascinating set of questions.' -- Wim van Meurs, Südosteuropa. Journal of Politics and Society
1. Theoretical Framework, Scope of the Research, and Sources
2. The Leader and the Ideology
3. A Centralised Yugoslavia as a Solution to the Serb National Question
4. The Formation of the Republika Srpska Krajina (RSK) and the Policy of Ethnic Separation in Croatia
5. The Formation of the Republika Srpska and the Policy of Ethnic Separation in Bosnia and Herzegovina
6. The Plan for Kosovo – Keeping Kosovo in Serbia by Changing the Ethnic Composition
7. The Unmaking of the Leader