Protected areas, such as nature reserves, national parks and marine conservation areas, are the main tool of nature conservation policies and are increasing on a worldwide scale. They are one of the main forms of environmental planning, and conservation institutions have increasing means at their disposal. At the same time, the goals of protected areas have become more diverse, with the involvement of more stakeholders and complex institutional frameworks. Giving an account of the extension and diversification of protected areas, this book determines whether these two processes constitute a breakdown in conservation policies. Economists, ecologists, lawyers, anthropologists and geographers analyse the various trends which are fundamental to the future of protected areas to reveal a conflicting scene where narrative around cooperation and integration hides competition between different interests. This book shows how protected areas are emerging as zones of divergent experimentations of sustainable development rather than lasting forms of integrative environmental management.
'… this book is an excellent resource on the conservation of protected areas. It will quite effectively cater to the needs of students, research scientists, general readers and researchers.' Agriculture and Human Values 'This engaging text takes the reader on a journey from local forest peoples to international environmental law and into the depths of the oceans. It promotes a re-thinking of environmental policy and calls for new dynamic models for local-global connections in global environmental governance studies… the central focus of the book on the international level and its impacts on protected areas for sustainable development is an enormous contribution to our understanding of these issues.' Global Environmental Politics '… the book provides an interesting and detailed discussion of the issues surrounding conservationism and protected areas within a sustainable development discourse. The collection adds to recent debate on the topic, as well as presenting detailed research into new tools and types of protected areas. It shows how changing the way we look at conservation can play an important part in the search for sustainable development.' Australian Planner