From its late nineteenth century origins, the concept of protected areas has increased in scope and complexity. It now has to come to terms with the twenty first century world of neo-liberal politics, performance metrics and the growing and complex demands of tourism. This international collection of papers explores how this might be done, detailing the issues involved, and the value and values that protected areas have for economies, peoples and environments. Special attention is given to World Heritage Sites, tourism planning and their communities, to the growth of private protected areas, and to the health values of protected areas. Other subjects include private sector business involvement in protected areas, concessions policy experiments, and how the work of the world’s largest protected area agency, the US National Park Service, is adapting to changing political and market demands, and to the challenges of sustainable development. It concludes with a searching interview with a member of UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee.The chapters were originally published in a special issue in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism.
1. Protected Areas in a neoliberal world and the role of tourism in supporting conservation and sustainable development: an assessment of strategic planning, zoning, impact monitoring, and tourism management at natural World Heritage Sites 2. Values in nature conservation, tourism and UNESCO World Heritage Site stewardship 3. Developing a typology of sustainable protected area tourism products 4. The effects of local context on World Heritage Site management: the Dolomites Natural World Heritage Site, Italy 5. Estimating the value of the World Heritage Site designation: a case study from Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park, Nepal 6. Private protected areas, ecotourism development and impacts on local people’s well-being: a review from case studies in Southern Chile 7. Tourism concessions in National Parks: neo-liberal governance experiments for a Conservation Economy in New Zealand 8. The health and well-being impacts of protected areas in Finland 9. Operationalising both sustainability and neo-liberalism in protected areas: implications from the USA’s National Park Service’s evolving experiences and challenges 10. Visitor spending effects: assessing and showcasing America’s investment in national parks 11. Fringe stakeholder engagement in protected area tourism planning: inviting immigrants to the sustainability conversation 12. An interview with a protected area insider