This volume discusses the complex relationship between Protected Areas and tourism and their impact on community livelihoods in a range of countries in Southern Africa.
Protected areas and tourism have an enduring and symbiotic relationship. While protected areas offer a desirable setting for tourism products, tourism provides revenue that can contribute to conservation efforts. This can bring benefits to local communities, but it can also have a negative impact, with the establishment of protected areas leading to the eviction of local communities from their original places of residence, while also preventing them from accessing the natural resources they once enjoyed. Taking a multi-disciplinary approach, this book addresses the opportunities and challenges faced by communities and other stakeholders as they endeavour to achieve their conservation goals and work towards improving community livelihoods. Case studies from Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe address key issues such as human–wildlife conflicts, ecotourism, wildlife-based tourism, landscape governance, wildlife crop-raiding and trophy hunting, including the high-profile case of Cecil the lion. Chapters highlight both the achievements and positive outcomes of protected areas, but also the challenges faced and their impact on how protected areas are viewed and also conservation priorities more generally. The volume gives these issues affecting protected areas, local communities, managers and international conservation efforts centre stage in order inform policy and improve practice going forward.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of conservation, natural resource management, tourism, sustainable development and African studies, as well as professionals and policymakers involved in conservation policy.
Table of Contents
1. Protected Areas and tourism dynamics in southern Africa: An overview PART 1: COMMUNITY-PA RELATIONS: IMPACTS ON LOCAL COMMUNITIES 2. Protected areas and tourism development: A historical analysis of the Southern African Experience 3. Community perceptions of protected areas and tourism amidst poverty: Experiences from Southern Africa 4. Ecotourism as a paradigm shift in conservation and community livelihoods in the Southern African region: Opportunities, challenges and lessons learnt 5. Tolerance for wildlife resources through community wildlife-based tourism: Implications for sustainability PART 2: PROTECTED AREAS, TOURISM AND HUMAN–WILDLIFE CONFLICTS DYNAMICS 6. Landscape governance in sub-Saharan Africa 7. In the way of wildlife: Contestations between Indigenous Peoples’ livelihood and conservation 8. The socio-economic impacts of wildlife crop-raiding: An assessment of the efficacy of conservation and agricultural land uses reconciliation 9. Protected areas and community-based tourism: The effectiveness of current mitigation techniques in human wildlife conflicts PART 3: MANAGING THE WILDLIFE ECONOMY: CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN SOUTHERN AFRICA 10. Lifting of the hunting ban and the elephant debate in Botswana: Implications for conservation and development in southern Africa 11. The role of the media and the international community in recent conservation issues in Southern Africa: The case of Cecil the lion 12. Nature-based tourism resources and climate change in Southern Africa: Implications for conservation and development sustainability 13. International organisations and the ivory sales ban debate: The case of Zimbabwe, Namibia and Botswana 14. The COVID-19 pandemic and nature-based tourism in Southern Africa PART 4: Protected areas and tourism practices: Policy and practice 15. The adoption of community-based tourism in the proximity of protected areas: Implications for policy and practice 16. Militarization of conservation and 'shoot to kill' policies: An analysis of the rights of African states to protect and conserve wildlife 17. Implications of the 'high-value, low-volume' approach in conservation and tourism resources management 18. Promotion of pro-poor tourism in Southern Africa: Conservation and development critical issues 19. Contrasting safari and bushmeat hunting in Southern Africa: Conservation and development issues PART 5: CONCLUSION 20. A synthesis of protected areas and tourism contributions to conservation and community livelihoods goals in Southern Africa: A conclusion
Lesego Senyana Stone is a Senior Lecturer in Tourism Management in the Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, University of Botswana.
Moren Tibabo Stone is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Environmental Science, University of Botswana.
Patricia Kefilwe Mogomotsi is an Associate Professor in Natural Resources Economics in the Department of Economics, University of Botswana.
Goemeone E. J. Mogomotsi is an Associate Professor in International Environmental Policy and Senior Executive Assistant to the Vice Chancellor in the University of Botswana.