Protection of Civilians and Individual Accountability: Obligations and Responsibilities of Military Commanders in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Protection of Civilians and Individual Accountability

Obligations and Responsibilities of Military Commanders in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, 1st Edition

By Lenneke Sprik


208 pages

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Hardback: 9781138388765
pub: 2019-08-29
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This book explores the question of whether peacekeeping commanders can be held accountable for a failure to protect the civilian population in the mission area. This requires an assessment of whether peacekeeping commanders have an obligation to act against such serious crimes being committed under domestic and international law. The work uses the cases of the Dutch and Belgian peacekeeping commanders in Srebrenica and Kigali as examples, but also places the analysis into the context of contemporary peacekeeping operations. It unfolds two main arguments. First, it provides a critical note to the contextual interpretation given to international law in relation to peacekeeping. It is argued that establishing a specific paradigm for peacekeeping operations with clear rules of interpretation and benchmark criteria would benefit peacekeeping and international law by making the contextual interpretation of international law redundant. Second, it is held that alternative options to the existing forms of criminal responsibility for military commanders should be considered, possibly focusing more clearly on failing to fulfil a norm of protection that is specific to peacekeeping and distinct from protective obligations under international human rights law and international humanitarian law.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 Srebrenica and Rwanda and the Legal Aftermath

3 Omission Liability in Domestic Law

4 Scope for Omission Liability under International Law?

5 A Legal Obligation to Act for the Peacekeeping Commander?

6 The Peacekeeping Commander as Bystander: A Moral Obligation to Act?

7 The Lege Ferenda Perspective on the Legal Framework of Peacekeeping

8 Conclusion

About the Author

Dr Lenneke Sprik is a Lecturer in International Security in the Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

About the Series

Routledge Research in the Law of Armed Conflict

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / General
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW / International
LAW / Military
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Freedom & Security / International Security
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Genocide & War Crimes
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Criminology