This book explores radical challenges to Indian governments' legitimacy and power and the responses of the Indian state and central governments to those challenges. Dr. Calman describes the unintended role Indian governments have played in fostering the emergence of radical movements and analyzes the effectiveness of governments in combating their growth. Light is shed on the power of newly developing decentralized movements to politicize impoverished groups and ultimately to challenge the legitimacy of the Indian mode of governing. These new movements, represented in this book by Shramik Sanghatana and Bhoomi Sena of Maharashtra, have more power to effect change than movements that attack the military force of government, like the Naxalites of Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh. The book draws upon government documents, a variety of unpublished sources, and extensive interviews with government officials and key participants in radical groups.
Table of Contents
Westview Special Studies -- Introduction: The Struggle for Legitimacy -- The Srikakulam Naxalite Movement -- Introduction to Part 1 -- The Development of Tribal Poverty -- The Early Girijan Movement -- The Naxalite Movement in Srikakulam -- After the Armed Struggle: Continuing Suppression of the Naxalites -- Government Recognizes the Legitimacy Crisis -- Conclusion to Part 1 -- The Maharashtra Movements: Shramik Sanghatana and Bhoomi Sena -- Introduction to Part 2 -- The Development of Tribal Poverty in Maharashtra -- The Development and Organization of Shramik Sanghatana and Bhoomi Sena -- State and Movement Interactions: Issues of Tribal Landlessness -- State and Movement Interactions: Work and Wages -- Conclusion to Part 2 -- Conclusion: Protest's Challenge -- Identification of Maharashtra Interviewees
Leslie J. Calman