Across the globe, from established tourist destinations such as Venice or Prague to less traditional destinations in both the global North and South, there is mounting evidence that points to an increasing politicization of the topic of urban tourism. In some cities, residents and other stakeholders take issue with the growth of tourism as such, as well as the negative impacts it has on their cities; while in others, particular forms and effects of tourism are contested or deplored. In numerous settings, contestations revolve less around tourism itself than around broader processes, policies and forces of urban change perceived to threaten the right to ‘stay put’, the quality of life or identity of existing urban populations.
This book for the first time looks at urban tourism as a source of contention and dispute and analyses what type of conflicts and contestations have emerged around urban tourism in 16 cities across Europe, North America, South America and Asia. It explores the various ways in which community groups, residents and other actors have responded to – and challenged – tourism development in an international and multi-disciplinary perspective. The title links the largely discrete yet interconnected disciplines of ‘urban studies’ and ‘tourism studies’ and draws on approaches and debates from urban sociology; urban policy and politics; urban geography; urban anthropology; cultural studies; urban design and planning; tourism studies and tourism management.
This ground breaking volume offers new insight into the conflicts and struggles generated by urban tourism and will be of interest to students, researchers and academics from the fields of tourism, geography, planning, urban studies, development studies, anthropology, politics and sociology.
List of tables and illustrations
1. Urban tourism and its discontents: an introduction
(Johannes Novy and Claire Colomb)
2. No conflict? Discourses and management of tourism-related tensions in Paris
(Maria Gravari-Barbas and Sébastien Jacquot)
3. The selling (out) of Berlin and the de- and re-politicization of urban tourism in Europe’s ‘Capital of Cool’
4. Touristification and awakening civil society in post-socialist Prague
(Michaela Pixová and Jan Sládek)
5 Density wars in Silicon Beach: the struggle to mix new spaces for toil, stay and play in Santa Monica, California
6. Contesting China’s tourism wave. Identity politics, protest, and the rise of the Hongkonger city state movement
7. From San Francisco’s ‘Tech Boom 2.0’ to Valparaíso’s UNESCO World Heritage Site: resistance to tourism gentrification in a comparative political perspective
8. Tourism provision as protest in ‘post-conflict’ Belfast
9. The “No Grandi Navi” campaign. Protests against cruise tourism in Venice
10. Favela tourism: negotiating visitors, socio-economic benefits, image and representation in Pre-Olympics Rio de Janeiro
11. Politics as early as possible: democratising Olympics by contesting Olympic bids
12. Attracting international tourism through mega-events and the birth of a conflict culture in Belo Horizonte
(Lucia Capanema Alvares, Altamiro S. Mol Bessa, Thiago Pinto Barbosa and Karina Machado de Castro Simão)
13. The right to Gaudí. What can we learn from the commoning of Park Güell, Barcelona?
(Albert Arias-Sans and Antonio Paolo Russo)
14. Of artisans, antique dealers, and ambulant vendors: culturally stratified conflicts in Buenos Aires’ historic centre
15. The abrupt rise (and fall) of creative entrepreneurs: socio-economic change, the visitor economy and social conflict in a traditional neighbourhood of Shanghai
16. The Living vs. the dead in Singapore: contesting the authoritarian tourist city
(Jason D. Luger)
17. “Fantasies of antithesis”: Assessing Hamburg’s Gängeviertel as a tourist attraction