Through focusing on the unintended by-products of New England Puritanism as a cultural transplant in the Levant, this book explores the socio-historical forces which account for the failure of early envoys’ attempts to convert the ‘native,’ population. Early failure in conversion led to later success in reinventing themselves as agents of secular and liberal education, welfare, and popular culture. Through making special efforts not to debase local culture, the missionaries’ work resulted in large sections of society becoming protestantized without being evangelized.
An invaluable resource for postgraduates and those undertaking postdoctoral research, this book explores a seminal but overlooked interlude in the encounters between American Protestantism and the Levant. Using data from previously unexplored personal narrative accounts, Khalaf dates the emergence of the puritanical imagination, sparked by sentiments of American exceptionalism, voluntarism and "soft power" to at least a century before commonly assumed.
"As one of few books on American missionaries in Syria, Khalaf’s work is a necessary read for anyone interested in Middle East mission history." Deanna Ferree Womack, Princeton Theological Seminary, New Jersey, USA
Part 1: On Calvinism, Evangelism and Puritanism 1. The Evangelical Imagination: New England Puritans and Foreign Missions 2. Universities as Nurseries of Piety 3. The World as an Enlarged New England 4. Images of Islam and the Orient Part 2: Leavening the Levant 5. Protestant Orientalism: Evangelical Christianity and Cultural Imperialism 6. The Levant as a Missionary Field 7. Puritans in Lebanon: Early Encounters 1830-1840 8. On Doing Much with Little Noise 9. Christianize or Civilize: Obstacles and Changing Strategies 1840-1860
The region's history from the earliest times to the present is catered for by this series made up of the very latest research. Books include political, social, cultural, religious and economic history.