Large-scale commercialization of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology has been hindered by issues of reliability, durability, and cost, which are all related to the degradation of fuel cell performance. This degradation often has root causes in contamination from fuel, air streams, or system components. With contributions from inte
PEM Fuel Cell Principles and Introduction to Contamination Issues. Fuel Cell Contaminants: Sources and Chemical/Electrochemical Reactions. Cathode Contamination. Anode Contamination. Membrane Electrode Assembly Contamination. Cathode Contamination Modeling. Anode Contamination Modeling. Membrane Contamination Modeling. Impurity Mitigation Strategies.