Providence, Evil and the Openness of God: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Providence, Evil and the Openness of God

1st Edition

By William Hasker


248 pages

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Paperback: 9780415651103
pub: 2013-08-29
Hardback: 9780415329491
pub: 2004-04-22
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Providence, Evil and the Openness of God is a timely exploration of the philosophical implications of the rapidly-growing theological movement known as open theism, or the 'openness of God'. William Hasker, one of the philosophers prominently associated with this movement, presents the strengths of this position in comparison with its main competitors: Calvinism, process theism, and the theory of divine middle knowledge, or Molinism.

The author develops alternative approaches to the problem of evil and to the problem of divine action in the world. In particular, he argues that believers should not maintain the view that each and every evil that occurs is permitted by God as a means to a 'greater good'. He contends that open theism makes possible an emphasis on the personalism of divine-human interaction in a way that traditional views, with their heavy emphasis on divine control, cannot easily match. The book concludes with a section of replies to critics, in which many of the objections levelled against open theism are addressed.

Table of Contents


Part 1: Evil, Theodicy, and Defense

1. On Regretting the Evils of this World

2. Suffering, Soul-Making, and Salvation

3. The Sceptical Solution to the Problem of Evil

4. The Necessity of Gratuitous Evil

5. Can God Permit 'Just Enough' Evil?

Part Two: Theories of Providence

6. The Openness of God

7. Providence and Evil: Three Theories

8. The God who Takes Risks

9. The Problem of Evil in Process Theism and Classical Free Will Theism

10. Antinomies of Divine Providence

11. The Freedom and Goodness of God

Appendix: Replies to my Critics

About the Series

Routledge Studies in the Philosophy of Religion

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
RELIGION / Theology