Providing Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems: Technology, Operations, and Economics, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Providing Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems

Technology, Operations, and Economics, 1st Edition

Edited by Joseph Cotruvo, Gunther F. Craun, Nancy Hearne

CRC Press

680 pages

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pub: 1999-05-12
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Description

The continued lack of access to adequate amounts of safe drinking water is one of the primary causes of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide and a serious situation which governments, international agencies and private organizations are striving to alleviate. Barriers to providing safe drinking water for rural areas and small communities that must be overcome include the financing and stability of small systems, their operation, and appropriate, cost-effective technologies to treat and deliver water to consumers.

While we know how to technically produce safe drinking water, we are not always able to achieve sustainable safe water supplies for small systems in developed and developing countries. Everyone wants to move rapidly to reach the goal of universal safe drinking water, because safe water is the most fundamental essential element for personal and social health and welfare. Without safe water and a safe environment, sustained personal economic and cultural development is impossible. Often small rural systems are the last in the opportunity line.

Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems describes feasible technologies, operating procedures, management, and financing opportunities to alleviate problems faced by small water systems in both developed and developing countries. In addition to widely used traditional technologies this reference presents emerging technologies and non-traditional approaches to water treatment, management, sources of energy, and the delivery of safe water.

Table of Contents

Preface and Welcoming Remarks

The Worldwide Drinking Water: Problems and Prospects

The Water Challenge

Safe Drinking Water

The Continuing Threat of Waterborne Pathogens

World of Water: Beyond the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade

Ensuring the Sustainability of Small Systems

Community Water Supply and Sanitation Conference

Sustainable Design for Small Systems

Community Participation and Management of Water Systems

Linking Full-Cost Recovery and Sustainability

Willingness to Pay for Improved Water Supply in Rural Communities in Venezuela

Industrial Water Conservation: A Mechanism for Sustainable Resource Management

Small Water Supplies in Urban Areas of Developing Countries

Essential Elements for the Sustainability of Small Water Systems

Water Treatment Technologies: Disinfection of Waterborne Pathogens

Chlorination Systems

Overview of Chlorine Dioxide, Ozone and UV

Chlorine Dioxide and the Small Drinking Water System Ozone Treatment of Small Water Systems Inactivation of Cryptosporidium parvum Oocysts by Medium Pressure Ultra Violet Light Risk Management of Cryptosporidium: An Engineer's Perspective

Low Cost UV Disinfection System for Developing Countries

Disinfection by Mixed Oxidant Technology in a Portable Package Plant

Stabilized Formulation of Hydrogen Peroxide with Silver: A Secondary Disinfectant

Performance of a Small Portable Disinfection System Using Iodinated Resin

Solar Water Pasteurizers

Rural Disinfection Technologies in Latin America Water Treatment Technologies: Filtration and Other Treatment to Remove Microbial or Chemical Contaminants

Multi-Stage Filtration: A Practical Low Cost Technology

Experiences Introducing "New" Technology: Slow Sand Filtration

Membrane Separation Technologies - Practical Applications

Application of Immersed Microfiltration Membranes for Drinking Water Treatment

Photovoltaic Electrodialysis Reversal Technology New Developments in Desalination

Bag Filtration for Small Systems

Appropriate Technology for Removal of Arsenic From Drinking Water of Rural West Bengal

Sulfur-Limestone Autotropic Denitrification for Treatment of Nitrate-Contaminated Water During Fixed Bed Column Experiments

Pre-Engineered Water Treatment Systems: Point of Entry, Point of Use, Package Plants, and Bottled Water

Point-of-Entry (POE) and Point-of-Use (POU) Water Treatment Overview

Selecting Residential or Personal Water Treatment Systems

Point-of-Entry Treatment for a Small Community Point-of-Use Demonstration Project in Suffolk, VA

Military Field Drinking Water Supply

Package Water Treatment Plants in China, Ecuador and Mexico

Verification Testing of Packaged Drinking Water Treatment Systems Project: Results

Is Bottled Water a Feasible Alternative for Small Community Drinking Water Supply?

Analytical Monitoring

Effective Monitoring of Small Drinking Water Supplies

Overview of Microbial Methods

Chemical and Physical Measurement Methods for Small Systems

Monitoring Small Water Supply Systems in the UK and Controlling the Risk of Contamination by Cryptosporidium

Water Quality Monitoring in Canadian Aboriginal Communities

Selection and Management of Remote Telemetry Systems for Monitoring and Operation of Small Drinking Water Treatment Plants

Toward Global Drinking Water Quality Monitoring

Well Remediation, Energy Sources, and Delivery of Water: Emerging Technologies and Approaches

Impact of Well Remediation Chemicals on Water Quality and Deterioration

Handpump Developments

Wind-Electric Pumping Systems for Communities Solar Power Technology for Supplying Safe Drinking Water

Systems Solutions: Management, Operation and Maintenance

Experiences in Improvement of Safe Water Delivery to Poor Rural Communities by Including the Private Sector

Integrated Rural Utility Systems

Pre-Payment Metering of Water

Area-Wide Treatment Optimization Programs Achieve Broad Scale Improvements in Drinking Water Quality

Implementation of Water Supply Projects in Indigenous Communities of Northern Canada and Africa - Linkage of Experiences

Management of Small Rural Systems: A Case Study in South Africa

Experience With Implementation in Honduras, CA., of a Voluntary Water Association Sponsored Training and Technical Assistance Program Developed in the United States

Circuit Rider Training Program in First Nations Communities

Upgrading Small Military Water Works in Korea Upgrading Water Quality in Health Care Facilities Small Water System Assistance and Training Programs

The Current Situation and Needs of International Assistance for Rural Water Supply in South East Asian Countries

Overview of Canadian International Development Agency's Assistance Program

Private Finance for Water Projects in Developing Countries

Capacity Building and Resource Center Development in Water Supply and Sanitation The World University Service of Canada (WUSC)

A Review of Technical Assistance and Training Programs in the United States

Considerations in the Development of External Training Programs

Regulatory Structures For Small Systems

How the "Tapestry" of Integrated Provisions in the New Safe Drinking Water Act can Benefit Small Systems

Impact of Regulatory Programs on the Quality of Drinking Water in Small Systems

Problems and Successes of Small Systems in the Unites States

The Case of Latin America

South African Oversight of Small Water Supplies: North West Water Board Case Study

Epilogue

Symposium Overview and Closing Remarks

Indices

Author Index

Exhibitor Index

Key Word Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply