1st Edition

Providing Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems
Technology, Operations, and Economics




ISBN 9781566703932
Published May 12, 1999 by CRC Press
680 Pages

USD $200.00

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Book Description

The continued lack of access to adequate amounts of safe drinking water is one of the primary causes of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide and a serious situation which governments, international agencies and private organizations are striving to alleviate. Barriers to providing safe drinking water for rural areas and small communities that must be overcome include the financing and stability of small systems, their operation, and appropriate, cost-effective technologies to treat and deliver water to consumers.
While we know how to technically produce safe drinking water, we are not always able to achieve sustainable safe water supplies for small systems in developed and developing countries. Everyone wants to move rapidly to reach the goal of universal safe drinking water, because safe water is the most fundamental essential element for personal and social health and welfare. Without safe water and a safe environment, sustained personal economic and cultural development is impossible. Often small rural systems are the last in the opportunity line.
Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems describes feasible technologies, operating procedures, management, and financing opportunities to alleviate problems faced by small water systems in both developed and developing countries. In addition to widely used traditional technologies this reference presents emerging technologies and non-traditional approaches to water treatment, management, sources of energy, and the delivery of safe water.

Table of Contents

Preface and Welcoming Remarks
The Worldwide Drinking Water: Problems and Prospects
The Water Challenge
Safe Drinking Water
The Continuing Threat of Waterborne Pathogens
World of Water: Beyond the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade
Ensuring the Sustainability of Small Systems
Community Water Supply and Sanitation Conference
Sustainable Design for Small Systems
Community Participation and Management of Water Systems
Linking Full-Cost Recovery and Sustainability
Willingness to Pay for Improved Water Supply in Rural Communities in Venezuela
Industrial Water Conservation: A Mechanism for Sustainable Resource Management
Small Water Supplies in Urban Areas of Developing Countries
Essential Elements for the Sustainability of Small Water Systems
Water Treatment Technologies: Disinfection of Waterborne Pathogens
Chlorination Systems
Overview of Chlorine Dioxide, Ozone and UV
Chlorine Dioxide and the Small Drinking Water System Ozone Treatment of Small Water Systems Inactivation of Cryptosporidium parvum Oocysts by Medium Pressure Ultra Violet Light Risk Management of Cryptosporidium: An Engineer's Perspective
Low Cost UV Disinfection System for Developing Countries
Disinfection by Mixed Oxidant Technology in a Portable Package Plant
Stabilized Formulation of Hydrogen Peroxide with Silver: A Secondary Disinfectant
Performance of a Small Portable Disinfection System Using Iodinated Resin
Solar Water Pasteurizers
Rural Disinfection Technologies in Latin America Water Treatment Technologies: Filtration and Other Treatment to Remove Microbial or Chemical Contaminants
Multi-Stage Filtration: A Practical Low Cost Technology
Experiences Introducing "New" Technology: Slow Sand Filtration
Membrane Separation Technologies - Practical Applications
Application of Immersed Microfiltration Membranes for Drinking Water Treatment
Photovoltaic Electrodialysis Reversal Technology New Developments in Desalination
Bag Filtration for Small Systems
Appropriate Technology for Removal of Arsenic From Drinking Water of Rural West Bengal
Sulfur-Limestone Autotropic Denitrification for Treatment of Nitrate-Contaminated Water During Fixed Bed Column Experiments
Pre-Engineered Water Treatment Systems: Point of Entry, Point of Use, Package Plants, and Bottled Water
Point-of-Entry (POE) and Point-of-Use (POU) Water Treatment Overview
Selecting Residential or Personal Water Treatment Systems
Point-of-Entry Treatment for a Small Community Point-of-Use Demonstration Project in Suffolk, VA
Military Field Drinking Water Supply
Package Water Treatment Plants in China, Ecuador and Mexico
Verification Testing of Packaged Drinking Water Treatment Systems Project: Results
Is Bottled Water a Feasible Alternative for Small Community Drinking Water Supply?
Analytical Monitoring
Effective Monitoring of Small Drinking Water Supplies
Overview of Microbial Methods
Chemical and Physical Measurement Methods for Small Systems
Monitoring Small Water Supply Systems in the UK and Controlling the Risk of Contamination by Cryptosporidium
Water Quality Monitoring in Canadian Aboriginal Communities
Selection and Management of Remote Telemetry Systems for Monitoring and Operation of Small Drinking Water Treatment Plants
Toward Global Drinking Water Quality Monitoring
Well Remediation, Energy Sources, and Delivery of Water: Emerging Technologies and Approaches
Impact of Well Remediation Chemicals on Water Quality and Deterioration
Handpump Developments
Wind-Electric Pumping Systems for Communities Solar Power Technology for Supplying Safe Drinking Water
Systems Solutions: Management, Operation and Maintenance
Experiences in Improvement of Safe Water Delivery to Poor Rural Communities by Including the Private Sector
Integrated Rural Utility Systems
Pre-Payment Metering of Water
Area-Wide Treatment Optimization Programs Achieve Broad Scale Improvements in Drinking Water Quality
Implementation of Water Supply Projects in Indigenous Communities of Northern Canada and Africa - Linkage of Experiences
Management of Small Rural Systems: A Case Study in South Africa
Experience With Implementation in Honduras, CA., of a Voluntary Water Association Sponsored Training and Technical Assistance Program Developed in the United States
Circuit Rider Training Program in First Nations Communities
Upgrading Small Military Water Works in Korea Upgrading Water Quality in Health Care Facilities Small Water System Assistance and Training Programs
The Current Situation and Needs of International Assistance for Rural Water Supply in South East Asian Countries
Overview of Canadian International Development Agency's Assistance Program
Private Finance for Water Projects in Developing Countries
Capacity Building and Resource Center Development in Water Supply and Sanitation The World University Service of Canada (WUSC)
A Review of Technical Assistance and Training Programs in the United States
Considerations in the Development of External Training Programs
Regulatory Structures For Small Systems
How the "Tapestry" of Integrated Provisions in the New Safe Drinking Water Act can Benefit Small Systems
Impact of Regulatory Programs on the Quality of Drinking Water in Small Systems
Problems and Successes of Small Systems in the Unites States
The Case of Latin America
South African Oversight of Small Water Supplies: North West Water Board Case Study
Epilogue
Symposium Overview and Closing Remarks
Indices
Author Index
Exhibitor Index
Key Word Index

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