Psychological Perspectives on Walking provides a comprehensive overview of the benefits of walking and shows how we can encourage people to walk more based on psychological principles. It examines how walking significantly improves health, positively impacts the environment, contributes to resolving social issues, and boosts the local micro-economy. This pioneering book discusses psychological motivations for walking versus not walking and asserts research-based arguments in favour of walking, including both theoretical considerations and everyday concerns.
The book investigates the motivations that can lead to increased walking, advises on how to build walking-conducive habits, and recommends strategies for decision makers for promoting changes that will allow walking to thrive more easily. The authors include success stories and lessons learned from what have become known as 'walkable' cities to show how interventions and initiatives can succeed on a practical basis.
This accessible, practical book is essential for urban planners; health specialists; policy makers; traffic experts; psychology, civil engineering, and social sciences students; and experts in the field of sustainable mobility. Psychological Perspectives on Walking will appeal to anyone in the general population in favour of a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Setting the Scene
Chapter 2: Features and Manifestations of Walking
Chapter 3: Human Behaviour and Its Change
Chapter 4: How to support Walking
Chapter 5: Success Stories
Chapter 6: Instead of Conclusion: The Story of Walkington
Ralf Risser is a visiting professor in the Psychology Department at Palacký University in Olomouc, Czech Republic. He specialises in qualitative survey techniques, behavior observation, heuristic procedures as workshops, and group-dynamics-based creative and training measures.
Matúš Šucha is an associate professor in the Psychology Department at Palacký University in Olomouc, Czech Republic. He specialises in traffic psychology, and his research focuses on mobility, traffic safety, and sustainable mobility.
'This book covers the psychology behind when and why we choose to walk, from Japan to Jordan, from South Africa to Norway, from Aristotélēs to a future with climate change. You learn about why people walk and why they do not walk from the Kindergartener’s perspective as well as from sophisticated scientific models. I have been working with traffic safety for pedestrians for 40 years, and I still learned a lot from reading this book. You will too'. —Per Gårder, University of Maine, USA
'Ralf Risser and Matúš Šucha raise critical questions that have long concerned those of us in the field of traffic and mobility. Why is it so that so many people prefer car use over other, especially active traffic modes? What steers these choices and how can one motivate people to walk more? This book offers the reader a comprehensive overview of psychological aspects referring to walking and how to boost walking. It takes up health aspects, climate change issues, equity and social aspects, and safety concerns, among many others. Risser’s and Šucha’s book is of great interest both for experts in the field – traffic planners, public health professionals, traffic and mobility experts, students, and the general public. In short, it is interesting for everybody who is willing to support sustainable mobility and to learn how to live a more active life'. —Hector Monterde-i-Bort, University of Valencia, Spain
'The benefits of walking are well known but still very few cities and towns can be described as truly walkable, i.e. putting pedestrians first. This book offers a range of suggestions for how this goal can be reached, and it will therefore be a valuable addition to other books on walking and sustainable transport. As the title suggests, it has a psychological perspective emphasising the importance of understanding what motivates people to walk. However, in addition to this it clearly demonstrates that the creation of walkable cities is multi-faceted, and the approach is therefore holistic. The result is a comprehensive and stimulating read which will appeal to a wide audience'. —Sonja Forward, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute VTI, Sweden
'Although various safety measures have enhanced overall traffic safety, pedestrians are still the stepchildren of road traffic experts. Moreover, it’s not justified to incorporate pedestrians in an undiscriminating way with bicycles and motorised two-wheelers as "vulnerable road users," as each of them carries different problems and asks for different solutions. Risser and Šucha have supplied a work of merit by giving an unprecedented and conclusive overview of all aspects of pedestrian quality needs in road traffic; among others practical aspects, statistics, psychological modelling for a sustainable mobility and best practices to reconcile the different traffic modes. And we should give them credit for not proposing the oh-so-modern "renouncing" of other traffic modes in favour of walking. A highly recommended book for all who are seriously willing to know more about walking'. —Wolfgang Fastenmeier, Berlin Psychological University, Germany
'State-of-the-art theory put into practice! A must-read for active citizens, city-planners, and scientists'. —Liisa Hakamies-Blomqvist, University of Helsinki, Finland
'The benefits of walking for public health, liveability, and the environment are clear. Yet, the increase of walking in some countries, if they experience an increase at all, is small compared to the sharp decrease during the period of mass motorisation. While many authors have focused on environmental correlates of walking, such as land use variables, Šucha and Risser did an excellent job in explaining psychological factors. I hope that researchers and practitioners will use this book to lay the basis for motivating (more) people to walk (more)'. —Paul Schepers, Utrecht University, Netherlands
'A comprehensive review of how to increase walking and improve walking conditions with examples from cities around the world. The child perspective is covered extensively and tools are given on how to achieve an environment which is feasible also for children'. —Lars Leden, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden
'This book, based on exhaustive and thorough knowledge, is a must-read for anyone promoting walking. The statement "We should not have to walk - but love to walk" is very convincing and leads to focus on people’s behaviour. Approaches, both bottom-up and top-down, check lists considering the hierarchy and mutual effects of environmental and psychological factors, and feedback from implementation are suggested to identify measures for enhancing walking according to pedestrians’ needs'.
—Lucia Martincigh, Roma Tre University, Italy
'This book is a must for anyone dealing with traffic planning. Around the world there is now consensus that tomorrow's sustainable transport has to focus on pedestrians, bicyclists, and public transport. Walkability is therefore an important key word for planners, how to make the system attractive, safe and secure, etc. for pedestrians. This book gives the perfect background for someone who wants to go deeper in understanding these issues, no matter if the background is in social sciences, engineering or any other discipline. It will contribute not only to raise the status of pedestrians but also to raise a new interest in the fascinating multi-disciplinary world of traffic'.—Christer Hydén, Lund University, Sweden