This book provides a useful overview of the latest research into the interaction between psychology and the courts. Leading scholars and practitioners review recent research and practice in a number of principal areas:
* adolescents in the legal system
* the role of juries
* competency to stand trial
* conditional release
* eyewitness evidence and testimony
* the role of the victims.
Invited address; Part 1: Adolescents; 1: Toward an Expanded Definition of Adolescent Competence in Legal Contexts; 2: Girls in Jail: Punishment or Protection?; 3: Are Juveniles Getting a Fair Trial?: The Jury is Still Out; Part 2: Juries; 4: Race and the Civil Jury: How Does a Juror's Race Shape the Jury Experience?; 5: Juror Competence and Processing Style in Making Sense of Complex Trial Information; 6: Effects of Criminal Motivation, Ability, and Opportunity on Mock Jurors' Verdicts; Part 3: Civil and Criminal Court; 7: Complex Medical Litigation and Hindsight Bias: Strategies to Reduce Factfinders' Retrospective Attributions of Fault; 8: A Comparison of American and Canadian Conceptualizations of Competence to Stand Trial; 9: The Macarthur Competence Assessment Tool—Fitness to Plead: Evaluation of a Research Instrument for Assessing Fitness to Plead; 10: Public Opinion, Sentencing, and Parole: International Trends; 11: The Syndrome Evidence Phenomenon: Time to Move On?; 12: Conditional Release Attitudes: Laypersons' Perceptions of the Purposes, Effectiveness, and Acceptability of Early Release by Offense Type 1; 13: Judges' Decision-Making From Within; Part 4: Eyewitness Evidence and Testimony; 14: Children's Recall of the Unfortunate Fakir: a Further Test of the Enhanced Cognitive Interview; 15: Courtroom Pressures Can Alter Eyewitness Confidence; 16: Creating Confusion: Unconscious Transference in Media Crime Reporting; 17: The Discrimination of Deceptive, Mistaken, and Truthful Witness Testimony; 18: Previous Exposure to the Sender's Behavior and Accuracy at Judging Credibility; 19: The Influence of Personal Characteristics, Stakes and Lie Complexity on the Accuracy and Confidence to Detect Deceit 1; Part 5: Victims of Crime; 20: The Role of Social Influence in Crime Victim's Decision to Notify the Police; 21: Structured Trauma Writing (STW) as a Victim-Supportive Intervention: Examining the Efficacy of Emotional Ventilation and Downward Writing 1