This collection brings together a set of specially commissioned chapters from leading international researchers in the psychology of reasoning. Its purpose is to explore the historical, philosophical and theoretical implications of the development of this field. Taking the unusual approach of engaging not only with empirical data but also with the ideas and concepts underpinning the psychology of reasoning, this volume has important implications both for psychologists and other students of cognition, including philosophers. Sub-fields covered include mental logic, mental models, rational analysis, social judgement theory, game theory and evolutionary theory. There are also specific chapters dedicated to the history of syllogistic reasoning, the psychology of reasoning as it operates in scientific theory and practice, Brunswickian approaches to reasoning and task environments, and the implications of Popper's philosophy for models of behaviour testing. This cross-disciplinary dialogue and the range of material covered makes this an invaluable reference for students and researchers into the psychology and philosophy of reasoning.
Table of Contents
K.I. Manktelow, M.C.Chung, The Contextual Character of Thought: Integrating Themes from the Histories and Theories of the Study of Reasoning. M.E. Doherty, R.D. Tweney, Reasoning and Task Environments: The Brunswikian Approach. N. Chater, Rationality, Rational Analysis and Human Reasoning. D. Over, The Psychology of Conditionals. D.P. O'Brien, A. Roazzi, M.G. Dias, J.B. Cantor, P.J. Brooks, Violations, Lies, Broken Promises, and Just Plain Mistakes: The Pragmatics of Counterexamples, Logical Semantics, and the Evaluation of Conditional Assertions, Regulations, and Promises in Variants of Wason's Selection Task. K.Stenning, M. van Lambalgen, The Natural History of Hypotheses About the Selection Task: Towards a Philosophy of Science for Investigating Human Reasoning. K.I. Manktelow, Reasoning and Rationality: The Pure and the Practical. P.N. Johnson-Laird, The History of Mental Models. G.Politzer, Some precursors of Current Theories of Syllogistic Reasoning. J. St B T Evans, History of the dual process theory of reasoning. D.W. Green, Coherence and Argumentation. A.M. Colman, Reasoning about Strategic Interaction: Solution Concepts in Game Theory. G.L. Brase, What We Reason About and Why: How Evolution Explains Reasoning. F.H. Poletiek, The Proof of the Pudding is in the Eating: Translating Popper's Philosophy into a Model for Testing Behaviour. S. Lovie, Constructing Science.
Ken Manktelow is Professor of Psychology at the University of Wolverhampton.
Man Chung is Principal Lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the University of Plymouth. He has written several chapters and articles on the History and Philosophy of Psychology.