Cities and city regions are undergoing rapid transformation. They are prime locations of innovation, while at the same time facing growing problems of spatial fragmentation and social exclusion. By addressing these problems, cities become forerunners for new patterns of governance, which include increasingly private actors. While research on 'global' cities has focused primarily on the world's leading financial and economic centres, comparative research on the changing role of large, complex cities in the developing world is less advanced. But it is here, where public problems are most seriously threatening the cohesion of urban society and where the need for new answers is most urgent. Illustrated by in-depth examinations of four city regions: Shanghai, Mumbai, Johannesburg and São Paulo, this book readdresses this balance. The book revisits the same set of cities from different angles, thereby reflecting urban contradictions, juxtapositions, and disjunctures.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: City regions between global competitiveness and internal viability: the difficult road toward new forms of governance, Klaus Segbers. The Economic Restructuring of Globalizing Cities: Globalization, economic restructuring and local response in Johannesburg - the most isolated 'world city', Christian M. Rogerson; Mumbai: economic restructuring by default, Kedar R. Ghorpade; The tertiary illusion: economic policies in São Paulo in the 1990s, Àlvaro A. Comin and Cláudio R. Amitrano; Shanghai in the process of opening up to the outside world, Xuejin Zuo and Jianfu Huang; Changes In The Institutional Setting: The Redistribution of Property Rights: Property trends and market fluctuations in post-apartheid Johannesburg, Mzwanele Mayekiso; Real estate market in Mumbai - a crawl to convergence, Sudha Deshpande and Lalit Deshpande; Different territories, different policies: property rights and real estate in São Paulo, Renato Cymbalista and Paula Santoro; Institutional arrangements under the dual-market system in Shanghai, Ling Hin Li. The Deregulation of Basic Services: Private Solutions?: World-city transformation or neoliberal commodification? Johannesburg's infrastructure and basic services, Patrick Bond; Between privatization and participation: The provision of basic services in Mumbai, Sudha Mohan; Multiple actors, diverse arrangements: Infrastructure and basic services in São Paulo, Renato Cymbalista and Paula Santoro; The positive effects of privatization and decentralization in Shanghai, Jinzhou Song; Security Provision: Public or Private good?: Dynamics of exclusion: violence and security policies in Johannesburg, Charlotte Boisteau; A relatively stable situation: violence and crime in Mumbai, Kshitij Prabha; Violence in São Paulo: its profile and the responses from the state, private sector and civil society, Nancy Cardia; The evolution of public security in modern Shanghai, Huang Li and Jean Carmalt. The Public Response: From Local Go