Quay Walls: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Quay Walls

2nd Edition

Edited by J.G. de Gijt, M.L. Broeken

CRC Press

636 pages | 450 Color Illus.

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This new edition of the handbook of Quay Walls provides the reader with essential knowledge for the planning, design, execution and maintenance of quay walls, as well as general information about historical developments and lessons learned from the observation of ports in various countries. Technical chapters are followed by a detailed calculation of a quay wall based on a semi-probabilistic design procedure, which applies the theory presented earlier.

Since the publication of the Dutch edition in 2003 and the English version in 2005, considerable new experience has been obtained by the many practitioners using the book, prompting the update of this handbook. Moreover, the introduction of the Eurocodes in 2012 has prompted a complete revision of the Design chapter, which is now compliant with the Eurocodes. Furthermore, additional recommendations for using FEM-analysis in quay wall design have been included.

In response to ongoing discussions within the industry about buckling criteria for steel pipe piles, a thorough research project was carried out on steel pipe piles fi lled with sand and on piles without sand. The results of this research programme have also been incorporated in this new version.

Finally, the section on corrosion has been updated to refl ect the latest knowledge and attention has been given to the latest global developments in quay wall engineering.

The new edition was made possible thanks to the contributions of numerous experts from the Netherlands and Belgium.


Praise for the Previous Edition

"This is an extremely comprehensive treatise on the design, construction and maintenance of quay walls … This excellent publication is intelligently structured, clearly laid out … and illustrated with numerous high quality line drawings and photographs … This is a publication that should be found in the engineering section of every technical library and should be purchased by anybody who has a serious interest in quay walls."

—Nick Bray, Terra et Aqua, No. 102, March 2006

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Function of quay walls

1.2 Objective of this book

1.3 Composition of the book


Chapter 2 Overview of quay wall construction

2.1 Ports as a source of prosperity

2.2 Ports and quays past and present

2.3 History of quay wall construction in Rotterdam 5


Chapter 3 Main types of quay walls

3.1 Functions and main types of quay walls

3.2 Gravity walls

3.3 Sheet pile walls

3.4 Sheet pile walls with relieving platforms

3.5 Open berth quay

3.6 Examples of gravity walls

3.7 Examples of sheet pile walls

3.8 Examples of walls with relieving platform

3.9 Examples of open berth quays

3.10 Examples of repair or deepening of quay walls


Chapter 4 Investigation

4.1 Importance of investigation

4.2 Survey and monitoring plan

4.3 Topographical and hydrographic investigations

4.4 Hydraulic investigations: water levels

4.5 Hydraulic investigations: waves

4.6 Hydraulic investigation: other wave phenomena

4.7 Hydraulic investigations: points of special interest

4.8 Hydraulic investigation: currents

4.9 Investigation into ice loads

4.10 Investigation into meteorological conditions

4.11 Investigations into morphological conditions

4.12 Investigation into nautical boundary conditions

4.13 Investigation into seismic impacts

4.14 Geotechnical and geohydrological investigation: soil investigation plan

4.15 Geotechnical and geohydrological investigations: desktop study, geological maps, groundwater maps

4.16 Geotechnical and geohydrological investigations: site visits, geophysical investigations and site investigations

4.17 Geotechnical and geohydrological investigations: laboratory tests

4.18 Geotechnical and geohydrological investigation: determination of parameters

4.19 Geotechnical and geohydrological investigation: presentation of the results

4.20 Environmental investigation


Chapter 5 Terms of reference

5.1 Terms of reference for design and construction

5.2 Functional terms of reference

5.3 Technical terms of reference

5.4 Detailed explanation


Chapter 6 Design of Quay walls

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Functional design aspects

6.3 Structural design aspects

6.4 Design philosophy

6.5 Features of the structural design

6.6 Design models and calculation methods of retaining walls

6.7 Sequence of design calculation


Chapter 7 Quay-elements

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Pile foundations

7.3 Sheet pile wall systems

7.4 Anchorages

7.5 Superstructures

7.6 Transitional structures

7.7 Berthing equipment

7.8 Other berth details

7.9 Drainage systems

7.10 Crane tracks and rail structures

7.11 Bottom protection

7.12 Instrumentation for data collection


Chapter 8 Materials

8.1 Concrete and concrete technological aspects

8.2 Steel

8.3 Corrosion


Chapter 9 Construction

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Design

9.3 Construction methods

9.4 Layout of the construction site

9.5 Surveying of the construction site

9.6 Environmental boundary conditions

9.7 Foundation and substructure

9.8 Superstructure

9.9 Monitoring

9.10 Fill behind the quay wall

9.11 Dredging

9.12 Scour protection

9.13 Auxiliary structures

9.14 Quality control and quality assurance

9.15 Completion and acceptance of the works


Chapter 10 Costs

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Cost estimate system according to CROW

10.3 Estimation of the construction costs on the basis of indices

10.4 Estimation of the engineering costs

10.5 Risk analysis


Chapter 11 Management and maintenance of Quay walls

11.1 From reactive to active management

11.2 The quay wall as a system

11.3 Objectives

11.4 Modelling

11.5 Information

11.6 Assessments

11.7 Measures

11.8 Implementation

11.9 Contribution, conveyance and feedback


Chapter 12 Lessons from experience

12.1 You can’t make an omelette without breaking eggs

12.2 Soil investigations

12.3 Combined walls

12.4 Pile foundations

12.5 Relieving platform

12.6 Anchorage

12.7 Superstructure

12.8 Berthing equipment

12.9 Bottom protection

12.10 Drainage and dewatering

12.11 Deformations of quay structures

12.12 Back fill and dredging

12.13 Earthquake zones

12.14 Working in an aggressive tropical environment

12.15 Quality assurance

12.16 Wise use of the quay


Chapter 13 Future developments

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Port developments

13.3 Shipping developments

13.4 Development of logistic concepts

13.5 Development of new quay concepts


Chapter 14 Bibliography and standards

14.1 Bibliography

14.2 Standards

Annex A Glossary of terms and abbreviations used



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General