This book considers institutional racism as a problem that exists within modern societies. Its roots lie with the transatlantic slave trade and slavery and the solution involves ridding society of the problem. It is argued here that, first, there needs to be an acceptance of its existence, then developing the tools needed to deal with it and, finally, to implement those tools so that institutional racism can be permanently removed from society. The book has four themes: the first considers the nature of institutional racism, the second theme looks at instances of institutional racism through matters such as deaths in custody and skin lightening, the third considers the concept of reparations and the final area looks at the development of social movements as a way of pushing institutional racism up the political agenda. The development of a social movement is part of a social discourse which would, for example, push mentoring as a form of reparations. There is a need for more research on the manifestations of institutional racism and this book is part of that discourse. It is argued that the legacy of the slave trade and slavery is continuing and contemporary through the presence of institutional racism in society. This problem has not been addressed through legislation and policies devised to combat racial discrimination. Institutional racism needs to be understood as being located in the processes and procedures of societal institutions.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: The Nature of Institutional Racism
Chapter 3: Institutional Racism and Cyber Race Hate
Chapter 4: Institutional Racism and Markets
Chapter 5: The Race Directive – Recycling the Legacy of Institutional Racism
Chapter 6: Black Custodial Deaths as an Instance of Institutional Racism
Chapter 7: Institutional Racism as a Current and Continuing Legacy of the Transatlantic Slave Trade: Skin Bleaching and Hair Straightening
Chapter 8: The Moral, Legal and Political Case for Reparations for the Legacy of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and Chattel Slavery
Chapter 9: Social Movements to Global Movements
Chapter 10: Conclusion
Fernne Brennan is Senior Lecturer in Law, head of the Slave Trade Reparations Project (STeR) @ www.essex.ac.uk/reparation, School of Law and Human Rights Centre, University of Essex, UK. She has written on and regularly speaks on the subject of race crime, institutional racism, and reparations.