1st Edition

Race and Ethnicity in the Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems Contemporary issues of offending behavior and judicial responses

Edited By Jennifer Peck Copyright 2017
    260 Pages
    by Routledge

    260 Pages
    by Routledge

    Over the last few decades, the racial and ethnic composition of the United States has changed dramatically. This seismic transformation has important implications for theory, research, policy, and public opinion – perhaps most crucially around the topic of race/ethnicity and our justice systems. Recent national events – from Ferguson, to ferocious public debate about racism, to media depictions of police violence – have reawakened the tense question of race relations in the 21st century. This edited collection of research aims to highlight contemporary issues surrounding the overrepresentation of racial and ethnic minorities throughout both the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems. Our contributors cover both formal sources of social control (e.g. police, courts, correction facilities) and perceptions and public opinions of the relationship between race/ethnicity and offending behaviors. As the intellectual sphere ignites with fresh debate, old questions redefined and new ones asked, this publication provides innovative insight into how race and ethnicity interconnect with all aspects of criminology and criminal justice. Furthermore it helps encourage directions for future research, practice, and public policy. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Crime and Justice.

    Introduction: Contemporary issues of race/ethnicity, offending behavior, and justice responses Jennifer H. Peck

    1. The role of juvenile adjudications in the disproportional incarceration of African-American and Hispanic defendants Jeffery T. Ulmer and Julia A. Laskorunsky

    2. Assessing the impact of deportable status on sentencing outcomes in a sample of state prisoners Erin A. Orrick, Kiersten Compofelice and Alex R. Piquero

    3. Minority threat and criminal sentencing: examining juveniles in the adult criminal justice system Kareem L. Jordan and Rimonda Maroun

    4. Court communities in local context: a multilevel analysis of felony sentencing in South Carolina Rhys Hester and Eric L. Sevigny

    5. A jury of whose peers? The impact of selection procedures on racial composition and the prevalence of majority-white juries Jacinta M. Gau

    6. Race, prior offending, and juvenile court outcomes Michael J. Leiber

    7. Weapon and drug offenses and juvenile disproportionate minority contact: an impact assessment and practical discussion Christopher J. Sullivan, Derek J. Mueller, Shaun M. Gann, Stephanie N. Spiegel and Hannah D. McManus

    8. Does who appears before the juvenile court matter on adjudication and disposition outcomes? The interaction between client race and lawyer type Jennifer H. Peck and Maude Beaudry-Cyr

    9. Racial disparities in referrals to mental health and substance abuse services from the juvenile justice system: a review of the literature Elizabeth Spinney, Martha Yeide, William Feyerherm, Marcia Cohen, Rachel Stephenson and Courtnie Thomas

    10. The effect of drug arrest on subsequent drug offending and social bonding Ojmarrh Mitchell

    11. How well do the adolescent risk factors predict re-arrest frequency across race/ethnicity among serious adolescent offenders? Alex R. Piquero, Stephanie M. Cardwell, Nicole Leeper Piquero, Wesley G. Jennings and Jennifer M. Reingle Gonzalez

    12. Perceptions of race, crime, and policing among Ferguson protesters Jennifer E. Cobbina, Akwasi Owusu-Bempah and Kimberly Bender

    13. Public opinion on the affluenza defense, race, and sentencing decisions: results from a statewide poll Anne S. Douds, Daniel Howard, Don Hummer and Shaun L. Gabbidon


    Jennifer H. Peck is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Central Florida, USA. Her research interests include racial/ethnic disparities in juvenile court processing and the treatment of disadvantaged groups in the juvenile justice system.