5th Edition

Race/Gender/Class/Media Considering Diversity Across Audiences, Content, and Producers

Edited By Rebecca Ann Lind Copyright 2023
    344 Pages
    by Routledge

    344 Pages
    by Routledge

    The fifth edition of this popular textbook considers diversity in the mass media in three main settings: Audiences, Content, and Production.

    The book brings together 55 readings – the majority newly commissioned for this edition – by scholars representing a variety of humanities and social science disciplines. Together, these readings provide a multifaceted and intersectional look at how race, gender, and class relate to the creation and use of media texts, as well as the media texts themselves. Designed to be flexible for use in the classroom, the book begins with a detailed introduction to key concepts and presents a contextualizing introduction to each of the three main sections. Each reading contains multiple 'It’s Your Turn' activities to foster student engagement and which can serve as the basis for assignments. The book also offers a list of resources – books, articles, films, and websites – that are of value to students and instructors.

    This volume is an essential introduction to interdisciplinary studies of race, gender, and class across both digital and legacy media.

    1. Laying a Foundation for Studying Race, Gender, Class, and the Media

    Rebecca Ann Lind

    Part I: Audiences

    2. Media Effects

    2.1 The Social Psychology of Stereotypes and Bias: Implications for Media Audiences

    Bradley W. Gorham

    2.2 Black Criminality 3.0: The Centrality of Stereotypes in the 21st Century

    Travis L. Dixon

    2.3 Positive Media Psychology: The Role of Uplifting Media in Encouraging Social Good

    Mary Beth Oliver, Bingbing Zhang, and Magdalayna Drivas

    2.4 Body Image and Adolescent Girls’ Selfie Posting, Editing, and Investment

    Jennifer Stevens Aubrey and Larissa Terán

    2.5 Social Media Use and Well-Being: A Comparison between the General Population and US Military Veterans

    Marina Krcmar, Habiba Ahmed, and Frank Robinson

    2.6 Examining Information Gathering for Socially Vulnerable Populations

    Cory L. Armstrong and Anna Grace Usery

    2.7 Who Deserves a Break? How Race and Class Shape Support for the Child Tax Credit

    Alina Renee Oxendine

    3. Audience Studies

    3.1 Arguing over Images: Native American Mascots and Race

    C. Richard King

    3.2 Fashioning the Ummah: A Thoroughly Modern Muslim Movement

    Sabah Firoz Uddin

    3.3 The (Climate) Revolution Will Not be Colonized

    Carolyn M. Cunningham

    3.4 A Case Study of Race and Twitter Activism: #BamaSits in Response to Colin Kaepernick

    George L. Daniels

    3.5 How TV News Makes Arabs and Muslims Feel About Themselves

    Dina Ibrahim and Aymen Abdel Halim

    3.6 The Individualization of Violence: Audience Readings of Direct, Structural, and Cultural Gender Violence in Casi Divas

    Rebeca Maseda García, Dayna Jean DeFeo, and Zeynep Kılıç

    3.7 "Somebody Is Bound to Call You Out": Latinx Youth Digital Media Use and Political Participation

    Vanessa de Macedo Higgins Joyce, Issa Galvan, and Jené Shepherd

    Part II: Content

    4. Journalism and Advertising

    4.1 I Am Not Your Negro: James Baldwin’s Challenge to America and its Media

    Dwight E. Brooks

    4.2 Searching for a Safe Space: Representations of the Latinx Community on Identity Focused News Sites

    Christopher S. Josey and Andrea Figueroa-Caballero

    4.3 A Critical Discourse Analysis on Anti-Asian Sentiment and the Pandemic

    Diem-My T. Bui

    4.4 Framing the Enbridge Oil Pipeline #3 Project in Indigenous and Mainstream Local Newspapers

    Emily Riewestahl, Emilee Baker, Srividya Ramasubramanian, and Laura "Anangokwe" Merchant

    4.5 Exploring Media Framing of Transgender Politicians in the US

    Newly Paul

    4.6 Framing Feminism

    Rebecca Ann Lind and Colleen Salo Aravena

    4.7 Framing the Immigration Story

    Patti Brown

    4.8 The Framing of Colin Kaepernick Before and After the Killing of George Floyd

    Jean Marie Brown

    4.9 "The More You Subtract, the More You Add": Cutting Girls Down to Size in Advertising

    Jean Kilbourne

    4.10 Sex Sells—but Gender Brands

    Greg Niedt and Julia C. Richmond

    4.11 Panning from War to Love: "Good Optics" and the Weaponizing Gaze of Military Women’s Political Campaigns

    Mary Douglas Vavrus

    4.12 lululemon is for everyone! Isn’t it?: Post-racial politics in Run Outside the Lines

    Seonah Kim & jas l moultrie

    5. Film and Television

    5.1 How (Not) to Interrupt the Intractable Whiteness of Late-Night Comedy

    Jonathan Rossing

    5.2 A Bloody Mess: Menstruation Imagery in the Media

    Natalie Jolly

    5.3 Bella’s Choice: Deconstructing Ideology and Power in The Twilight Saga

    Leslie A. Grinner

    5.4 Race, Hierarchy, and Hyenaphobia in The Lion King

    Naomi Rockler-Gladen

    5.5 Moana and Raya to the Rescue: New Representations of Disney Heroines

    Sarah E. Fryett

    5.6 Wicked Stepmothers Wear Dior: Hollywood’s Modern Fairy Tales

    Lea M. Popielinski

    5.7 It’s Okay That We Back-Stab Each Other: Cultural Myths That Fuel the Battling Female in The Bachelor

    Jennifer S. Kramer

    5.8 Female Friendship and Intersectional Allyship on Brooklyn Nine-Nine

    Madison Barnes-Nelson

    5.9 Hegemony in Romantic Comedies: The Political Woman in Long Shot

    Kyra Heatly

    5.10 Honing Hegemonic Masculinity: A Look at I Love You, Man and Get Hard

    Sarah E. Fryett

    5.11 Batman in the Barrio: A Critical Look at the Latinidad of Male Latinx characters in Suicide Squad, El Chicano, and Spider-man: Into the Spider-Verse

    Anthony R. Ramirez

    5.12 Category is Pandemic Realness: Pose and That Old Pandemic

    Robert Alan Brookey and Maria Williams-Hawkins

    6. Music and Digital Media

    6.1 "Trust Me. I Am not a Racist": Whiteness, Media, and Millennials

    Christopher P. Campbell

    6.2 Hip Hop’s White House Guest: Jack Harlow and White Rap Authenticating Strategies

    Melvin L. Williams and Michael Huertas

    6.3 Eminem’s "Love the Way You Lie" and the Normalization of Men’s Violence against Women

    Rachel Alicia Griffin and Joshua D. Phillips

    6.4 Not Just Jezebel: Black Women, Nicki Minaj, and Sexualized Imagery in Rap Music

    Kiana Cox

    6.5 The Marriage of Family Values and Hate: The Rise of Anti-Gay Internet Hate Speech

    Cynthia A. Cooper

    6.6 Stay Sexy and Don’t Get Murdered: White Feminism and True Crime for Women

    Laurie Ouellette

    6.7 "The Issues That are Taking Place in the World Affect Us": How the Minnesota Lynx Cracked the Code for Putting Social Justice into Social Media

    Andrew C. Billings and Joshua R. Jackson

    6.8 Maru on Instagram: Cute Studies and the Intersectional Vectors of Difference

    Gust A. Yep and Ryan M. Lescure

    6.9 A Guild of Stereotypes: Examining Gender, Race, and Nerd Stereotypes in The Guild

    Joseph Hoffswell

    Part III: Production

    7. Media Industries and Producing Media Content

    7.1 "Never About My Work, Never About My Motivations": Exploring Online Experiences of Women Journalists of Color

    Gina M. Chen and Paromita Pain

    7.2 Conversations on Race and Entertainment Media: Between Theory and Industry

    Charisse L’Pree Corsbie-Massay and Kandice N. Green

    7.3 A Careful Balance: An Examination of Challenges Facing Native American Journalists in Their Work as Advocates, Educators, and Storytellers

    Melissa Greene-Blye

    7.4 The Historical Contexts of Women’s and People of Color’s Access to Broadcasting

    Rebecca Ann Lind

    7.5 What Was She Thinking?: Encoding Meaning in Three Modern Rape-Revenge Films

    Barbara G. Friedman

    7.6 Eddie Huang: Fresh Off the Boat

    Dear Aunaetitrakul

    7.7 Is Siri a Little Bit Racist?: Recognizing and Confronting Algorithmic Bias in Emerging Media

    Michael L Austin

    7.8 Non-Binary Binaries and Unreal MetaHumans

    Eric Freedman

    8 Epilogue and Resources

    Rebecca Ann Lind


    Rebecca Ann Lind is Associate Professor and Director of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Communication at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Her research interests include race, gender, class, and media; new media studies; media ethics; journalism; and audiences.