Racial Profiling: Using Propensity Score Matching to Examine Focal Concerns Theory combines theory and propensity score matching to offer readers a better understanding of racial profiling through traffic stop data concerning the race and gender of the driver. The book examines the likelihood of a citation, search, or consent search for similarly situated African-American and Caucasian drivers in general, similarly situated African-American and Caucasian male drivers, and similarly situated African-American and Caucasian female drivers.
Whether and why police exercise racial profiling in their decisionmaking is one of the most hotly debated topics in criminal justice. In this work, Anthony Vito uses Focal Concerns Theory to explain police officer decisionmaking in traffic stop outcomes via propensity score matching, revealing the intersectional dynamics of racial profiling and gender bias by the Louisville Police Department. The unique approach of looking at the Focal Concerns Theory components of blameworthiness, protection of the community, and practical constraints and consequences together with propensity score matching provides a theoretical lens for analysis and a model for future studies. This book is an original and timely resource for researchers, scholars, practitioners, and other stakeholders focusing on the problem of racial profiling in policing.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION.
CHAPTER 2: FOCAL CONCERNS THEORY, PROPENSITY SCORE MATCHING, AND RACIAL PROFILING
CHAPTER 3: TRAFFIC STOP DATA FROM THE LOUISVILLE POLICE DEPARTMENT
CHAPTER 4: PROPENISTY SCORE MATCHING RESULTS
CHAPTER 5: POLICY IMPLICATIONS FOR RACIAL PROFILING
Anthony Gennaro Vito is Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Ball State University. Dr. Vito has published articles in various journals including Policing: an International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Deviant Behavior, and the American Journal of Criminal Justice. Dr. Vito’s research interests include policing, drug, use, criminological theory, and issues surrounding race/gender in the criminal justice system.