Radiation and the Gastrointestinal Tract  book cover
1st Edition

Radiation and the Gastrointestinal Tract

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ISBN 9780849376672
Published November 22, 1994 by CRC Press
297 Pages

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Book Description

This book evolved from a two-day 1993 International Symposium on Radiation and the Gastrointestinal Tract held at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. This area of investigation is particularly important because of growing medical needs and the documented occurrence of accidents involving overexposure of healthy subjects/patients. Some questions have been answered through cellular and animal research-results that lead to hypotheses that have been tested through clinical protocols. In an attempt to answer the unresolved questions, basic scientists and clinicians describe the data obtained to date, present in a critical manner the consensus that has been reached, and discuss what still remains to be investigated.
The book is divided into five parts: Overview and Clinical Perspective, Emesis, Motility, Diarrhea, and Behavioral Correlates of Gastrointestinal Dysfunction. Each part consists of separate discussions on the pathophysiology, the methodology, and, when applicable, the clinical relevance of the observations.
The book provides helpful information to both basic scientists involved in radiobiological research and to clinicians caring for patients exposed to radiation. It also serves as an introduction to the subject for young clinical investigators interested in the field and for scientists searching for correlates between their observations and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.

Table of Contents

Overview and Clinical Perspective
Clinical Aspects of Irradiation-Induced Alimentary Tract Injury, T.R. Spitzer
Radiation-Induced Emesis in Animal Models, G.L. King
Differences in Anti-Emetic Predictability amongst 5-HT, Receptor Antagonist Drugs, P.R. Blower
Clinical Trials with Ondansetron in Radiation-Induced Emesis, J.C. Bryson
Radiation-Induced Gastric Dysfunction, A. Dubois
Postirradiation Alterations in Small and Large Bowel Motility, M.F. Otterson and R.W. Summers
Nitric Oxide and Smooth Muscle Relaxation in the Intestine. Chemical and Radiation Effects Measured by EPR/SPIN Trapping, L. Steel-Goodwin and A.J. Carmichael
Neurochemical Changes in the Irradiated Brain-Gut Axis, S.B. Kandasamy
Radiation-Induced Changes to Epithelial and Non-Epithelial Tissue, K.E. Carr, S.P. Hume, R. Ettarh, E.A. Carr, and J.S. McCullough
Molecular Mechanisms of Cellular Radioresistance and Radiosensitivity, K.F. Pirollo, X. Lin, Z.M. Hao, Z. Villegas, and E.H. Chang
The Effect of Radiation on Intestinal Electrolyte Transport, P.J. Gunter-Smith
Nearby Shielding Influences Survival of the Irradiated Intestine, R.M. Vigneulle
Modification of Radiation Injury to the Intestine by Eicosanoids and Thiol Radioprotectors, W.R. Hanson
Effect of Radioprotective Agents on Survival after Acute Intestinal Radiation Injury, J.F. Weiss, M.R. Landauer, P.J. Gunter-Smith, and W.R. Hanson
Nutritional Support of Irradiated Intestine, V. Srinivasan and A. Dubois
Chemotherapy and Radiation Protection with Amifostine: Clinical Studies, E.P. Mitchell, R.D. Reynolds, D. Graden, and R.L. Capizzi
Gastrointestinal Syndrome after Accidental Overexposure during Radiotherapy, D.F. Flynn, I. Mihalakis, T. Mauceri, and M.R. Pins
Behavioral Correlates of GI Dysfunction
Effects of Different Types of Radiation on Emesis and Taste Aversion Learning, B.M. Rabin and G.L. King
Behavioral Assessment of Antiemetic Drugs in Rats, P.C. Mele and P.J. Winsauer
Behavioral Implications of Radiation- and Drug-Induced Gastrointestinal Distress, V. Bogo

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