In recent years, for reasons connected to the organization of the industry, technical developments, and major safety concerns, rail human factors has grown in importance at an international level. Despite its importance, however, supporting literature has been largely restricted to specialist journal publications and technical reports. Rail Human Factors addresses this imbalance by providing the first fully comprehensive overview of the area. The volume includes contributions from leading ergonomists, psychologists, sociologists, management scientists and engineers whose common theme is to investigate, understand and design for people on the railways, including staff, passengers and the general public. Every area of ergonomics/human factors is covered: physical design of work and equipment in maintenance; cognitive ergonomics in driving, signalling and control; organizational and social ergonomics in the way teams are formed, plans are made and organizations are structured and run. Topics covered include: ¢ Systems views of rail human factors ¢ Driver models and performance ¢ Train and cab design ¢ Network and train control systems, including ERTMS ¢ Signals and signal ¢ SPADS ¢ Signalling and control center design ¢ Signaller performance ¢ Control center interfaces ¢ Workload, situation awareness, team working ¢ Human error and reliability ¢ Timetabling and planning ¢ Maintenance planning and work ¢ Safety climate and safety culture ¢ Passenger comfort and behaviour ¢ Station design ¢ Public information systems ¢ Level crossings ¢ Trespass and vandalism ¢ Ergonomics standards and guidelines ¢ Human Factors integration The book is the definitive guide for all those concerned with making railways safer, more reliable, of higher quality and more efficient. It will be essential reading for policy-makers, researchers and industry around the world.
Table of Contents
Contents: Foreword, Andrew McNaughton. Introduction, John R. Wilson, Beverley J. Norris, Theresa Clarke, Ann Mills. Perspectives on Rail Human Factors: Rail human factors: past, present and future, John R. Wilson and Beverley J. Norris; The RSSB human factors programme, Ann Mills; The ergonomics programme at Network Rail, Theresa Clarke. Driving - Train Driver Behaviour: Driver performance modelling and its practical application to railway safety, W. Ian Hamilton and Theresa Clarke; Acting or reacting? a cognitive work analysis approach to the train driver task, Anders Jansson, Eva Olsson and Lena Kecklund; The role of the future train driver, Susannah Russell and Barbara Long; Investigating train driver behaviour: the use of lineside information when regulating speed, Trudi Farrington-Darby, John R. Wilson and Beverley J. Norris; Analyzing and modelling train driver performance, Ronald McCleod, Guy H. Walker, Neville Moray and Ann Mills. Driving - Vision and Visual Strategies: a methodology to investigate train driver visual strategies, N. Brook-Carter, A.M. Parkes and Ann Mills; A structured framework for integrating human factors design principles into railway vehicle cab sightlines specification, Paul Traub and William Lukau. Driving - Devices in the Cab: Assessing the human factors risks in extending the use of AWS, Ronald W. McLeod, Guy H. Walker and Ann Mills; Driver vigilance devices, Adam Whitlock, John Pethick and Ann Mills; Human factors issues raised by the proposed introduction of GSM radio telecommunications into the UK rail environment, Mark Young and James Jenkinson. Driving - Signs, Signals and SPADs: Driver detection and recognition of lineside signals and signs at different approach speeds, Guangyan Li, W. Ian Hamilton, Ged Morrisroe and Theresa Clarke; Signal sighting - development of a framework for managing conflicting requirements, Nicola Stapley, Tidi Wisawayodhin and Ann Mills; Ergonomics relating to the migration of lineside sig
John Wilson and Beverley Norris are based at the University of Nottingham, UK. Theresa Clarke is Head of Ergonomics at Network Rail, UK. Ann Mills is Principal Human Factors Specialist at the Rail Safety and Standards Board, UK.