Rammed Earth Conservation  book cover
1st Edition

Rammed Earth Conservation

ISBN 9780415621250
Published May 31, 2012 by CRC Press
734 Pages

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Book Description

Includes a free CD containing the full contents of the book.

The rammed earth technique, in all its variants, is widespread all over the world. This enormously prevalent building technique harbours an important richness of varieties both in application and in materials used. Interventions on historical rammed earth buildings have also been carried out in all the geographical areas where these structures are found. This historical heritage has undergone diverse forms of reconstruction, conservation, repair, substitution and/or structural consolidation. The different criteria applied require different techniques, materials or forms of intervention. The results of the interventions have also been manifold, both in terms of the impact on the building and the technical and material durability. With a view to these issues, this book deals with rammed earth architecture and its restoration, and, in a more general sense, with the construction techniques and restoration of all earthen structures.

Rammed Earth Conservation will be a valuable source of information for academics and professionals in the fields of Civil Engineering, Construction and Building Engineering and Architecture.


Table of Contents


Organization and committees

Conference sponsors

Plenary lectures

“Pisé”: Evolution, innovations, resistances and future directions
H. Guillaud

Which course of action for earthen architectural heritage preservation?
M. Correia

Earthen architecture: Clay feet or a feat of clay
F.G. Matero

Restoration of rammed earth structures
F.J. López Martínez

The Nasrid ramparts of the Albaicín (Granada, Spain): An analysis of materials and building techniques
J.M. López Osorio

Torres Bermejas: Conserving the past
J. Gallego Roca

Rammed earth architecture and construction

Methodological proposal for rammed-earth wall characterization: Understanding of material in preliminary studies
F.J. Alejandre, J.J. Martín-del-Río, F.J. Blasco & V. Flores

The formalization as an identification process of a constructive way: The rammed earth of Cherchell (Algeria)
S. Alliche & Y. Chennaoui

Traditional braces for rammed earth walls constructions in La Manchuela albaceteña, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
Q. Angulo, Á. Mas & J.L. Santolaria

Godelleta’s watchtower (Valencia, Spain)
S. Baños, A.C. Barbosa, B. Herrero, I. Jordán, I. Ontiveros & S.S. Sánchez

Earthen architectural heritage in the South Piedmont area (Italy): Strategies for its re-evaluation and for local territorial sustainable development
G. Bollini & I. Parodi

The rammed earth walls in the watchtowers of the order of Santiago in Albacete province (Spain)
F.J. Castilla, J.L. Serrano & D. Sanz

Montroy Islamic Tower (Valencia, Spain)
P. de Mazarredo, A. Garre, V. Lassala, R. Martínez García de la Cuadra & E. Méndez

Sustainability lessons from the past: Rammed earth architecture in Vojvodina, Serbia
Z. Djordjevic

The monitoring of rammed earth experimental walls and characterization of rammed earth samples
P. Faria, V. Silva, C. Pereira & M. Rocha

Earthen architecture in Galicia (Spain): Rammed earth in Terra de Lemos
A. Fernández Palicio

Rammed earth walls in Serón de Nágima castle (Soria, Spain): Constructive lecture 1
I.J. Gil

Rammed earth—its use in new building and training as a building-school
A. González & G. Mingolla

Patrimonial rammed earth structures at the Sierra Nevada, Mexico
L.F. Guerrero

Characterization of compressed earth blocks built with natural low-cost energy stabilizers
C. Guerrieri

Rammed earth architecture in the middle course of the river Júcar, Spain
J. Hidalgo & I. Matoses

About the rediscovery of the tapia valenciana
F. Iborra

Clay in architecture: Slovenia and beyond
B. Juvanec

From the ground up: Building the Dirt Works Studio
C. Kraus

On perceptions of rammed earth
C. Kraus

The construction of the Valencian rammed earth walls in the Corpus Christi College-Seminary in Valencia (Spain)
C. Lerma, Á. Mas & E. Gil

Rammed-earth construction in Southern Morocco: A reappraisal of the technology
J.M. López Osorio, A. Montiel & U. Martín

Analysis parameters for systematization of rammed earth walls in Granada and Almería (Andalucía, Spain)
J.Mª. Martín & M. Martín

Rammed earth construction in El Rincón de Ademuz (Spain)
C. Mileto, F. Vegas, L. García Soriano & M. Mestre

Building rammed earth walls in the municipal swimming pool in Toro (Zamora, Spain)
A. Raya, C. Crespo, S. Sánchez & E. Antelo

Introduction to traditional rammed-earth building in the Aragonian valley of Jiloca (Spain)
F.A. Rivas

The citadel of Reina (Badajoz, Spain)—10 years of interventions on its walls
M. Rocha

Rammed earth architecture in La Hacienda de Santa Teresa Ixtafiayuca, Mexico
M. Rodríguez Licea & L.F. Guerrero

Restoration of the gypsum wall built with formwork in the tower of the castle of Villel (Teruel, Spain)
J.M. Sanz

Rammed earth floors in historic orangeries and greenhouses—Belvedere castle in Weimar, Germany
H. Schroeder, D. Ahrendt & C. Hille

Optimal rammed earth wall thickness for a single-family house in Serbia
S. Stevanović

Rammed earth in Moravia (Czech Republic) in the context of neighboring lands
Z. Syrová & J. Syrový

Valencian tapia in the walled city of Mascarell (Castellón, Spain)
F. Taberner

Experience of rammed earth construction—rural and urban India
C. Vishwanath & S. Nayak

Conservation of rammed earth

The restoration of tapia structures in the Cuarto Real de Santo Domingo (Granada, Spain)
A. Almagro & A. Orihuela

The Moroccan Drâa Valley earthen architecture: Pathology and intervention criteria
E. Baglioni, L. Rovero & U. Tonietti

Characterization of the rammed-earth structure of the Moon Castle in Mairena del Alcor (Seville, Spain)
A. Barrios, A. Graciani & L. Núñez

Structural criteria for the restoration of rammed earth buildings in Barcelona province (Spain)
S. Bestraten & E. Hormias

Restoration of the rammed earth walls of the Generalife, (Granada, Spain)
I. Bestué & F.J. López Martínez

Characterization methodology to efficiently manage the conservation of historical rammed-earth buildings
J. Canivell

Critical analysis of interventions in historical rammed-earth walls—military buildings in the ancient Kingdom of Seville
J. Canivell & A. Graciani

Core, connectors and crust: Methodological restoration options for reinforced rammed earth wall with bricks
V. Cristini & J.R. Ruiz Checa

Preliminary study to the restoration of the Tower Keep in Jérica (Castellón, Spain)
J. deNeui, A. Lamas, J.V. Mañes, P. Moreno, G. Ramo, A. Rico & F. Rubio

Interventions in Portuguese rammed earth architecture—from ignorance to good practices
M. Fernandes

Intervention in a rammed earth tower at the castle of Oropesa del Mar (Castellón, Spain)
F. Font

Restoration of Llotja del Cànem (Castellón, Spain) walls—“Witnesses of History”
J.I. Fuster, A. Gallud & M. del Rey

Restoration criteria of the Valencian rammed earth walls
M. Galarza

Consolidation and restoration of the Castle of Biar, Spain
A. Gallud, M. del Rey & J.I. Fuster

Restoration of monumental rammed earth buildings in Spain between 1980 and 2011 according to the Archives of the IPCE
L. García Soriano, C. Mileto, F. Vegas & S. García Saez

Preliminary studies for intervention, interpretation and value enhancement of Tower of Don Fadrique (Albaida, Seville, Spain)
A. Graciani, J.J. Martín, G.M. Mora, F.J. Alejandre & J. Canivell

Restoration of the rammed earth walls of the Poniente Tower and the Alafia wall in the fortified complex of Xivert (Castellón, Spain)
V. Hofbauerová

Conservation of rammed earth works in the Islamic fortified complex of Calatayud (Spain)
P. Iglesias, B. Rodríguez Nuere, M.D. González Casado & E. Bailliet

Rammed earth wall restoration method using the earth reintegration technique by ramming
F. Jové, F. Díaz-Pinés, J.L. Sáinz Guerra & P. Olmos

Restoration of rammed earth architecture: The projects funded by the Diputación Provincial de Valencia (Spain)
V. La Spina, F. Martella, C. Mileto & F. Vegas

Restoration of the Castle of Sot de Chera’s Tower (Valencia, Spain)
V. López Mateu, S. Tormo & T.M. Pellicer

Restoration of rammed earth architecture in the Iberian Peninsula: Ongoing research
C. Mileto, F. Vegas, V. Cristini & L. García Soriano

Reflections about the restoration of a rammed earth Islamic tower
C. Mileto & F. Vegas

Restoration of two rammed earth walls at Sagunto’s castle (Valencia, Spain)
M.E. Moliner, L.M. Almena, C. Camps & S. Tormo

Restoration of the Andalusí wall of the Alcazaba Antigua (Ancient Citadel) of Granada (Spain)
A. Orihuela & J.M. Castillo-Martínez

Historical rammed-earth structures in Eastern Andalusia: (Spain) The restoration philosophy of the architect Prieto-Moreno
A. Romero & J.M. López Osorio

Restoration of the stone tapia of hsin al-Qala (Castell d’Alcalà de Gallinera), Alicante, Spain
A. Soler, R. Soler & J.R. Ortega

The valencian rammed-earth wall (“tapia valenciana”) in the restoration of Alaquàs Castle (Valencia, Spain)
S. Tormo, V. García Martínez, L. Cortés & L. Palaia

Xàtiva’s Castle (Spain)—constructive analysis of rammed-earth walls and its interventions
V. Torregrosa, S. Tormo & M. Torregrosa

Earthen architecture and construction

Ksar of Timinoun—a Saharan traditional earthen architecture heritage
N.A. Mahindad

Cob, a handy technique for a new self-builder
M. Alcindor & O. Roselló

Analysis and characterization of earthen architecture as a structural material: The corbelled course domes in Syria
A. Alonso, A. Martínez Boquera & V. Llopis

Municipal School in Santa Eulalia de Ronçana, Barcelona, Spain
G. Barbeta, P. Palau & E. Navarrete

Earthen and water architecture: University workshop in Ksar of Tamnougalt, Drâa valley (Morocco)
F.J. Bautista, M. Sevilla, F. García Carrillo, M.G. Aguilar & A. Torices

Infomes de la Construcción, Nº 523 Monograph Earth as building material, a contemporary approach
S. Bestraten & E. Hormias

The first Italian experience of industrialized earthen products for the building trade
G. Bollini

Earthen building: A comparative analysis of three texts
C.A. Cacciavillani

Embodied energy assessment of rammed earth construction in Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid, Spain)
F.J. Castilla & A. Baño

Earthen architecture in Southern Morocco
F. Cherradi

Cataloging and typological study of Mgoun Valley’s traditional fortified architecture, Morocco
G. Cimadomo, J.A. Simón & A. Vacas

Contemporary earth houses and evolution models in the Mgoun Valley, Morocco
L. Díaz del Pino, M.A. García Alcántara & D. Natoli

Lunch in the domes of Tierra de Campos (Palencia, Spain)
P. Díez Rodríguez

Constructive systems in the Spanish North-western area
J. Font

Earth’s role on Moroccan High Atlas villages’ urban evolution
A. García Ramos, B. Marín, M.M. Carrión, J.M. Mateos & P. García Sáez

Learning approach from the invariants of earthen construction in Andalusia, Spain
A.M. González Serrano, R. Rodríguez García, A. Romero, J. Canivell & M. Ponce

Earthen architecture in Guatemala
G.P. Gordon

Earth and gunpowder: The earth in the modern fortresses
G. Guimaraens, J.F. Noguera & V. Navalón

Mixed building techniques in Abruzzi (Italy): Cob, adobe, stone and brick
C. Mazzanti

Earthen architecture landscapes as identity items in southern Morocco—Studies in Mgoun Valley, High Atlas
B. Nogueira, J. Asencio, T. García Ruiz de Mier & I. Álvarez-Ossorio

The barraca of the Valencian agriculture field: A construction built with earthen techniques
R. Pastor, V. Blanca & J.M. Ozores

Excavated housing in Crevillente (Spain): Constructive and typological study
B. Piedecausa

Peruvian earthen architecture: Reflections on traditional constructive techniques
J.R. Ruiz Checa & V. Cristini

Earth construction techniques in the Northern High Atlas, Morocco
P. Rodríguez-Navarro, F. Juan Vidal, T. Gil & F. Fantini

Earth constructive systems in northeastern Segovian domestic architecture
A. Romero & A. Vela

Earthen structures in the missions of Baja California (Mexico)
M.Á. Sorroche

The architecture of earth in the northwest of Argentina: Tradition and modernity
M.E. Sosa

Earth architecture and construction in the colonial archaeological site of Piura la Vieja, La Matanza (Piura, Peru)
F. Vela, L.F. Abril & A. García Hermida

Earthen architecture, an evergreen type of building method
D. Zupančič

Conservation of earthen architecture

Elements for the definition of good practices for the conservation and the restoration of the historical urban fabric of a Moroccan pre-Saharan oasis
M. Achenza

Cave-Houses in Valtierra, Navarra, Spain
C. Ardanaz

Cobquecura, a southern earthen Chilean town: Intervention criteria for the reconstruction after Chilean 2010 earthquake
E. Baglioni & N. Jorquera

Preventive maintenance of an Himalayan earthen temple and studies on its reduced scale model
M. Bertagnin & D. De Antoni

Cooperation projects for the preservation of earth architecture in Chiquitos, Bolivia 1
S. Bestraten & E. Hormias

Vernacular adobe architecture in Texas: Conservative issues
A. Bianco

Test and device to evaluate the capillary absorption in soil specimens of adobe and rammed earth
S.A. Cirvini & J.A. Gómez Voltan

Earthen domes in Northern Syria: Problems and criteria for the conservation
L. Dipasquale & S. Mecca

Defense tower turned into an artist bottega
P. Díez Rodríguez

Earth-based repair mortars: Experimental analysis with different binders and natural fibers
M.I. Gomes, T. Diaz Gonçalves & P. Faria

Buddhist clay sculptures in Central Asia: Conservation and restoration problems
M. López Prat

Energy rehabilitation of buildings of earthen construction
A. Lozano, J.M. Lozano & A. Ruiz Taroncher

Aït Ben Haddou—Fortified City, Ouarzazate, Morocco
P. Martínez Barranco

Conservation of earthen constructions: Earth-gypsum plasters
M. Mattone & E. Bignamini

The ksour of the Saharan Atlas of Algeria: Reflection on conservation issues
A. Mebarki

Earth and bricks architecture: For a conservation of stratigraphical traces
D. Pittaluga

Repair of rammed earth walls in the walled enclosure of Daroca (Zaragoza, Spain)
J.M. Sanz

Linhas de Torres historic route rescuing and enhancing earthworks
A.C. Sousa & J.S. Gomes

Author index

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