Developed for use as a reference work in graduate and undergraduate courses as well as for researchers, policymakers, and interested laypersons, the book is a unique collection of authoritative yet accessible journal articles about risk. Drawn from a variety of disciplines including the physical and social sciences, engineering, and law, the articles deal with a wide range of public policy, regulatory, management, energy, and environmental issues. The selections are accompanied by introductory notes, questions for thought and discussion, and suggestions for further reading.
Table of Contents
Foreword Preface Part I: Basic Concepts Probing the Question of Technology-Induced Risk M. Granger Morgan Choosing and Managing Technology-Induced Risk M. Granger Morgan Defining Risk Baruch Fischoff, Stephen R. Watson, and Chris Hope Risk Analysis: Understanding 'How Safe Is Safe Enough?' Stephen L. Derby and Ralph L. Keeney Part II: Risk Comparisons Analyzing the Daily Risks of Life Richard Wilson Rating the Risks Paul Slovic, Baruch Fischoff, and Sarah Lichtenstein Ranking Possible Carcinogenic Hazards Bruce N. Ames, Renae Magaw, and Lois Swirsky Gold Technical Comment: Carcinogenic Risk Estimation Samuel S. Epstein and Joel B. Swartz Response to Samuel S. Epstein et al. Bruce N. Ames and Lois Swirsky Gold Part III: Regulatory Issues Risk, Science, and Democracy William D. Ruckleshaus No Risk if the Highest Risk of All Aaron Wildavsky Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Ethical Critique Steven Kelman Reply to Steven Kelman Gerard Butters, John Calfee, and Pauline Ippolito Part IV: Health Risk Assessment Application of Risk Assessment to Food Safety Decision Making Joseph Rodricks and Michael R. Taylor Assessing Risks from Health Hazards: An Imperfect Science Dale Hattis and David Kennedy A Quantitative Estimate of Leukemia Mortality Associated with Occupational Exposure to Benzene Mary C. White, Peter F. Infante, and Kenneth C. Chu Letter to the Editor: Benzene and the One-Hit Model Jerry L.R. Chandler Letter to the Editor: Assessment of Leukemia Mortality Associated with Occupational Exposure to Benzene Peter F. Infante, Mary C. White, and Kenneth C. Chu Part V: Technological Risk Assessment Social Benefit Versus Technological Risk Chauncey Starr The Application of Probabilistic Risk Assessment Techniques to Energy Technologies Norman C. Rasmussen Assessing the Risk of an LNG Terminal Ralph L. Keeney, Ram B. Kulkarni, and Keshavan Nair Part VI: Risk Communication The Emergence of Risk Communication Studies: Social and Political Context Alonzo Plough and Sheldon Krimsky Getting to Maybe: Some Communications Aspects of Siting Hazardous Waste Facilities Peter M. Sandman Informed Choice or Regulated Risk? Lessons from a Study in Radon Risk Communication F. Reed Johnson, Ann Fisher, V. Kerry Smith, and William H. Desvouges
Theodore S. Glickman is a senior fellow in the Center for Risk Management at Resources for the Future. Michael Gough is a senior fellow and director of the Center for Risk Management at Resources for the Future.
'A very practical and realistic publication.' Chemical and Engineering News 'Could form the basis for a course in risk analysis. Little mathematical background is required, and each paper is followed by a set of questions for discussion. . . An excellent text to teach from.' American Scientist 'Compiles the seminal essays on risk issues. . . presented in a convenient, objective, simple, and stimulating manner. . . . Its organization, selection of papers, and concise but provocative introductory essays make it an understandable and desirable resource for a nontechnical audience. . . . Has its greatest value as a classroom tool.' Environmental Science and Technology