Reason, Religion and the Australian Polity : A Secular State? book cover
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Reason, Religion and the Australian Polity
A Secular State?





ISBN 9781138603189
Published February 5, 2019 by Routledge
308 Pages

 
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Book Description

How did the concept of the secular state emerge and evolve in Australia and how has it impacted on its institutions? This is the most comprehensive study to date on the relationship between religion and the state in Australian history, focusing on the meaning of political secularity in a society that was from the beginning marked by a high degree of religious plurality.



This book tracks the rise and fall of the established Church of England, the transition to plural establishments, the struggle for a public Christian-secular education system, and the eventual separation of church and state throughout the colonies. The study is unique in that it does not restrict its concern with religion to the churches but also examines how religious concepts and ideals infused apparently secular political and social thought and movements making the case that much Australian thought and institution building has had a sacral-secular quality. Social welfare reform, nationalism, and emerging conceptions of citizenship and civilization were heavily influenced by religious ideals, rendering problematic traditional linear narratives of secularisation as the decline of religion. Finally the book considers present day pluralist Australia and new understandings of state secularity in light of massive social changes over recent generations.



Table of Contents



Acknowledgements



Abbreviations



Introduction





Introduction



The Secular over Time



A Christian Secular State?



The Structure of the Argument





PART I FROM ANGLICAN ESTABLISHMENT TO LIBERAL SEPARATIONISM





1 Foundations: Church and State in Ancien Régime Britain



From Toleration to Pluralism



Religion, Enlightenment, and Utility





2 The Brief Rise and Fall of the Australian Colonial Established Church



Governor Macquarie and Religion



Bishop Broughton in Defence of the Ancien Régime



The Seeds of Pluralism





3 The Coming of Plural Establishment



Richard Bourke and the Church Acts



The Schools Question—Education and the State



Resistance to Plural Establishment—The Old Order Fights Back



The Pluralist Settlement



Pluralism beyond Christianity



Conclusion





PART II FORGING THE SECULAR





4 The Separation of Church and State



The Victory for Voluntaryism in South Australia



Hyper-Protestant and Broad Church Approaches to the Church-State Question in NSW: Lang and Woolley



Abolition of State Aid in NSW and Tasmania



A Secular State in Victoria?



Conclusion





5 Education, Religion, and Citizenship



Secular Architects: Lowe, Rusden, Wilkins, and Higinbotham



Disbelief in the Colonies



Religion and the Secular Education Acts



Conclusion





6 A Secular Constitution? The Federation Debates



The Recognition Clause



State Debates on a Recognition Clause



The Religious Freedom Clause



Conclusion





PART III MIGRATIONS OF THE HOLY: ON THE SACRED ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL LIFE





7 The Moral Economy of the Early Australian Commonwealth



Religion, Socialism, and Factory Legislation



The Critique of Contract and the Living Wage—Neo-medievalism or Advanced Liberalism?



The Moral Commonwealth—Secular or Sacred?



Conclusion





8 Civil Religion: From Civic Protestantism to the Anzac Tradition



Civic Protestantism and the Theology of Empire



Nation, Empire and the Sacred: From Empire Day to Anzac Day



Conclusion





9 Citizenship, the Nation, and Religion



Idealism, the Broad Church, and the Moral Foundations of Citizenship



Citizenship, Gender and the Public Sphere: The Role of Protestant Women



Sacral-Secular Citizenship and the Social Order between the Wars



Conclusion





PART IV THE SHIFTING TERRAIN OF RELIGION AND THE SECULAR: FROM THE MID-TWENTIETH CENTURY TO THE PRESENT





10 Christian Australia: Resurgence and Retreat



Defending ‘Christian Civilisation’: The Second World War and the 1950s Religious Renewal



Secularism, Conflict and the ‘Servile State’: John Anderson and his Influence



Catholics, Secularism and the ‘Free Society’



The Return of State Aid



Conclusion





11 Culture, Gender, Sexuality: Dechristianising the Sec

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Author(s)

Biography

Stephen A. Chavura is an independent scholar who lectures in history at Campion College, Sydney



Ian Tregenza is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Modern History, Politics and International Relations, Macquarie University, Australia



John Gascoigne is an Emeritus Professor in the School of Humanities, University of New South Wales