This undergraduate textbook reviews psychological research in the major areas of reasoning and thinking: deduction, induction, hypothesis testing, probability judgement, and decision making. It also covers the major theoretical debates in each area, and devotes a chapter to one of the liveliest issues in the field: the question of human rationality. Central themes that recur throughout the book include not only rationality, but also the relation between normative theories such as logic, probability theory, and decision theory, and human performance, both in experiments and in the world outside the laboratory. No prior acquaintance with formal systems is assumed, and everyday examples are used throughout to illustrate technical and theoretical points.
The book differs from others in the market firstly in the range of material covered: other tend to focus primarily on on either reasoning or thinking. It is also the first student-level text to survey an imporatant new theoretical perspective, the information-gain or rational analysis approach, and to review the rationality debate from the standpoint of psuchological research in a wide range of areas.
Table of Contents
Reasoning and Thinking: A Four-way Introduction. Deduction: Experiments with Syllogisms. Deduction: Experiments with "if" and other Connectives. Deduction: Biases and Content Effects. Theories of Deduction. Hypothesis Testing. Induction. Judging Probability. Decision Making. Reasoning, Thinking, and Rationality.
'This book is an impressive achievement, it is up to date, it is unbiased in its treatment of the diverse theoretical approaches in the area, it combines depth with breadth while also remaining lucid and clear - I will definitely be recommending this text to my students' - Mike Oaksford, University of Wales , Cardiff
'Overall, this is an excellent, highly readable, and balanced introduction to the area of reasoning and thinking. ... Students will both learn a lot from it and be entertained by it; indeed, anyone wishing to grasp the essence of this fascinating area will find this a stimulating introduction.' - Stephen E. Newstead, University of Plymouth, APA Review of Books