Indonesia has been torn by massive internal conflicts over the last decade. The absence of functioning national tools of reconciliation and the often limited success of an internationally established ‘reconciliation toolkit’ of truth commissions and law enforcement, justice and human rights, forgiveness and amnesty, requires us to interrogate commonly held notions of reconciliation and transitional justice. Reconciling Indonesia fills two major gaps in the literature on Indonesia and peace and conflict studies more generally: the neglect of grassroots agency for peace and the often overlooked collective and cultural dimension of reconciliation.
Bringing together scholars from all over the world, this volume draws upon multi-disciplinary theoretical perspectives, extensive fieldwork and activists' experience, and explores the ways in which reconciliation connects with issues like civil society, gender, religion, tradition, culture, education, history, displacement and performance. It covers different areas of Indonesia, from Aceh in the West to the Moluccas in the East, and deals with a broad variety of conflicts and violence, such as communal violence, terrorist attacks, secessionist conflicts, localized small-scale conflicts, and the mass violence of 1965-66. Reconciling Indonesia offers new understandings of grassroots or bottom-up reconciliation approaches and thus goes beyond prevalent political and legal approaches to reconciliation.
Reconciling Indonesia is important reading for scholars, activists and anyone interested in current developments in Indonesia and the broader region and in new approaches to peace and conflict research.
Table of Contents
Part I. Problematizing ‘Reconciliation’ 1. Introduction: Reconciling Indonesia Birgit Bräuchler 2. Global Conflict in Cosmocentric Perspective: A Balinese Approach to Reconciliation Annette Hornbacher Part II. Restorative Performances: ‘Traditional Justice’, Rituals, and Symbols 3. Swearing Innocence: Performing Justice and ‘Reconciliation’ in Post-New Order Lombok Kari Telle 4. Social Reconciliation and Community Integration through Theater Barbara Hatley 5. Mobilizing Culture and Tradition for Peace: Reconciliation in the Moluccas Birgit Bräuchler Part III. ‘Traditional Justice’ under Scrutiny: Human Rights, Power, and Gender 6. Reconciliation and Human Rights in Post-Conflict Aceh Leena Avonius 7. The Problem of Going Home: Land Management, Displacement, and Reconciliation in Ambon Jeroen Adam 8. Women's Agencies for Peace Building and Reconciliation: Voices from Poso, Sulawesi Y. Tri Subagya IV. Victim-Perpetrator Conceptualizations: History Education, Civil Society, and Religion 9. Reconciliation through History Education: Reconstructing the Social Memory of the 1965–66 Violence in Indonesia Grace Leksana 10. Civil Society and Grassroots Reconciliation in Central Java Priyambudi Sulistiyanto and Rumekso Setyadi 11. A Bridge and a Barrier: Islam, Reconciliation, and the 1965 Killings in Indonesia Katharine E. McGregor
Birgit Bräuchler is assistant professor of social and cultural anthropology at the University of Frankfurt.