"Localism" has been deployed in recent debates over planning law as an anodyne, grassroots way to shape communities into sustainable, human-scale neighborhoods. But "local" is a moving category, with contradictory, nuanced dimensions. Reconsidering Localism brings together new scholarship from leading academics in Europe and North America to develop a theoretically-grounded critique and definition of the new localism, and how it has come to shape urban governance and urban planning.
Moving beyond the UK, this book examines localism and similar shifts in planning policy throughout Europe, and features essays on localism and place-making, sustainability, social cohesion, and citizen participation in community institutions. It explores how debates over localism and citizen control play out at the neighborhood, institutional and city level, and has come to effect the urban landscape throughout Europe. Reconsidering Localism is a current, vital addition to planning scholarship.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction Part One: The Local in Localism Chapter 2: Localism: Institutions, territories, representations Chapter 3: Paradoxes of local planning in contested societies Chapter 4: Localism agendas and post-political trends: Neighbourhood policy trajectories in Denver Chapter 5: Localism and the ‘post-social’ governmentality Part Two: Localism and Democracy Chapter 6: Civic capacity, place governance and progressive localism Chapter 7: The Promise of democracy? Civic enterprise, localism and the transformation of democratic capitalism Chapter 8: The community capacity to plan: The disproportionate requirements of the new English neighbourhood planning initiative Chapter 9: Is small really beautiful: The legitimacy of neighbourhood planning? Part Three: Localism and Sustainability Chapter 10: Avoiding collapse: An agenda for degrowth and relocalisation Chapter 11: ‘Localism’ and the environment: Effective re-scaling for sustainability transition? Chapter 12: Localism, scale and place in claims for sustainable urbanism: Moving beyond the idealist and materialist Chapter 13: Localism and rural development Chapter 14: Epilogue: Promises and pitfalls of localism